Formerly considered a subfamily of the Scorpionidae, the ischnurids are now regarded as a separate family. They range in size from small to very large and typically have a flattened body shape. The claws are massive in comparison to the body, but the metasoma is unusually thin and feeble-looking. Sometimes the metasoma is so short that it cannot reach to the front of the animal. Although capable of burrowing, most of these species are associated with crevice habitats in rocky areas, on trees, under debris, on man-made structures such as stone walls and wooden bridges, etc. The most impressive of the family is Hadogenes troglodytes from South Africa, the males of which can attain a body length up to 21 cm. The family contains 8 genera and 115 species. Representatives are widely distributed throughout the Tropics: in the Caribbean, Haiti and Dominican Republic; in Central America, Panama and Cocos Island (Costa Rica); in South America, Peru, Colombia, Venezuela, French Guiana, and Brazil; in central and southern Africa, Cameroon, Democratic Republic of Congo, Gabon, Congo, Malawi, Uganda, Ethiopia, Kenya, Tanzania, Angola, Namibia, Botswana, Zimbabwe, Mozambique, South Africa, Lesotho, Swaziland, Mauritius, Round Island, Seychelles, Zanzibar, and Madagascar; in Asia, China, Korea, Japan, India, Aru Islands, Bangladesh, Myanmar, Thailand, Cambodia, Laos, Vietnam, Malaysia, Indonesia, Philippines, and Papua New Guinea; in Oceania, Federated States of Micronesia, Fiji, French Polynesia, Key Islands, Kiribati, Mariana Islands, Marshal Islands, New Caledonia, Palau, Ponape, Tuvalu, Samoa,

Solomon Islands, Tonga, and Vanuatu; and, of course, Australia. As a group, they are considered relatively harmless. In the case of stings by the giant Hadogenes scorpions, the effect may be so slight as to be barely felt. Other species, such as Opistbacanthus lepturus from Panama, can deliver a sting that causes soreness in joints as well as mild, localized discoloration, swelling, and necrosis.

Emergency Preparedness

Emergency Preparedness

Remember to prepare for everyone in the home. When you are putting together a plan to prepare in the case of an emergency, it is very important to remember to plan for not only yourself and your children, but also for your family pets and any guests who could potentially be with you at the time of the emergency.

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