References And Further Reading

Allan, S. A., Day, ). F., and Edman, J. D. (1987). Visual ecology of biting flies. Anna. Rev. Entomol. 32, 297-316.

Anderson, J. F. (1985). The control of horse flies and deer flies {Díptera: Tabanidac). Myitt 3, 547-598,

Andree va, R. V. ( 1984). ' 'The Ecology ofHorseFly Larvae and Their Parasitoses." Naukova Dumka, Kiev.

Andreeva, R V. (1989). The morphological adaptations of horse fly larvae (Diptera: Tabanidac) to developmental sites in the Palearccic Region and their relationship to the evolution and distribution of the family. Canadian Journal of Zoology 67, 2286-2293.

Andreeva, R. V, (1990). "Identification of the Larvae of Horse Flies of the European Part of the USSR, Caucasus and Central Asia." Naukova Dumka, Kiev.

Aurai, C. (1983). [The life cycle of Hybomitra bimaculata (Marqu.) (Diptera: Tabanidae). III. Pupation, emergence, blood meal and oogenesis]. Mittellungen der Schweizerischen Entomologisehen Gss-selschaft 56, 343-359.

Burger, J. F. (1995). Catalog ofTabanidae (Diptera) ofNorth America north of Mexico. Contributions ott Entomology International 1, 1100.

Burger, J. F., Lake, D. J., and McKay, M. L. (1981). The larval habitats and rearing of some common Chrysops species (Diptera: Taban-idae) in New Hampshire. Proceedings of the Entomological Society of Washington 83, 373-389.

Chippaux, J.-P., Bouchite, £., Demanov, M., Moríais, I., and LeGoff, G. (2000). Density and dispersal of the loiasis vector Chrysops dimidi-ata in southern Cameroon. Medical and Veterinary Entomology 14, 339-344.

Churchill, D. R., Morris, C., Fakoya, A., Wright, S. G., and Davidson, R. N. (1996). Clinical and laboratory features of patients with loiasis {Loa loa filariasis) in the U. K Journal of Infection 33, 103-109.

Chvala, M., Lyneborg, L., and Moucha, J. (1972). "The Horse Flies of Europe (Diptera, Tabanidae)." Entomological Society of Copenhagen, Denmark.

Cooksey, L. M., and Wright, R. E. (1987). Flight range and dispersal activity of the host-seeking horse fly, Tabanas abactor (Diptera: Tabanidae) in north central Oklahoma. Environmental Entomology 16, 211-217.

Cooksey, L. M., and Wright, R. E. (1989). Population estimation of the horse fly, Tabanas abactor (Diptera: Tabanidae) in north centrai Oklahoma. Environmental Entomology 16, 211—217.

Dukes, J. C., Edwards, T. D., and Axtell, R. C. (1974). Distribution of larval Tabanidae (Díptera) in a Spartina alterniflora salt marsh. Journal of Medical Entomology 11, 79-83.

Fairchild, G. B. (1969). Climate and the phylogeny and distribution of Tabanidae. Bulletin of the Entomological Society of America 15, 7-11,

Fairchild, G. B. (1986). Tabanidae of Panama. Contributions of the American Entomological Institute 22, 1 — 139.

Fairchild, G. B., and Burger, J. F. (1994). "A Catalog of the Tabanidae (Diptera) of the Americas South of the United States." Memoirs of the American Entomological Institute No. 55. Associated Publishers, Gainesville, FL.

Foil, L. D. (1989). Tabanids as vectors of disease agents. Parasitology TodayS, 88-96.

Foil, L. D., and IsseL C. J. (1991). Transmission of retroviruses by arthropods. Ann. Rev. Entomol. 36, 355-381.

Goodwin, J. T., and Drees, B. M. (1996). The horse flies and deer flies (Diptera: Tabanidac) of Texas. Southwestern Entomology 20(Suppl.) 1-140.

Goodwin, J. T., Mullens, B. A., and Gerhardt, R. R (1985). "The Tabanidae ofTennessee." Tennessee Agriculture Experiment Station

Bulletin 642. University of Tennessee, Institute of Agriculture, Knoxville, Tennessee.

Grevelink, S. A., Youssef, D. E., Loscalzo, J., and Lerner, E. A. (1993). Salivary gland extracts from the deer fly contain a potent inhibitor of platelet aggregation. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U. S. A. 90, 91559158.

Hayes, R. O., Doane, O. W., Jr., Sakolsky, K., and Berrick, S. (1993). Evaluation of attractants in traps for greenhead fly (Diptera: Taban-idae) collections on a Cape Cod, Massachusetts, salt marsh. Journal of the American Mosquito Control Association 9, 436-440.

Hollander, A. L., and Wright, R. E. (1980). Impact of tabanids on cattle: blood meal size and preferred feeding sites. Journal of Economic Entomology 73, 431-433.

Krinsky, W. L. (1976). Animal disease agents transmitted by horse flies and deer flies (Diptera: Tabanidae). Journal of Medical Entomology 13, 225-275.

Lane, R. S., Anderson, J. R_, and Philip, C. B. (1983). Biology of autogenous horse flies native to coastal California: Apatolestes actites (Diptera: Tabanidae). Annals of the Entomological Society of America 76, 559-571.

LePrince, D. J., and Lewis, D. J. (1986). Sperm presence and sugar feeding patterns in nulliparous and parous Tabanus quinquevittatus Wiedemann (Diptera: Tabanidae) in southwestern Quebec. Annals of the Entomological Society of America 79, 912-917.

Mackerras, I. M. (1954). The classification and distribution of Tabanidae (Diptera). I. General review. Australian Journal of Zoology 2,431-454.

Magnarelli, L. A., Anderson, J. F., and Barbour, A. C. (1986). The etio-logic agent of Lyme disease in deer flies, horse flies, and mosquitoes. Journal of Infectious Diseases 154, 355-358.

McEiligott, P. E. K., and Lewis, D. J. (1996). Distribution and abundance of immature Tabanidae (Diptera) in a subarctic Labrador peat-land. Canadian Journal of Zoology 74, 1364-1369.

McKeever, S., and French, F. E. (1997). Fascinating, beautiful blood feeders—deer flies and horse flies, the Tabanidae. American Entomologist 43, 217-226.

McMahon, M. J., and Gaugler, R. (1993). Effect of salt marsh drainage on the distribution of Tabanus nigrovittatus (Diptera: Tabanidae). Journal of Medical Entomology 30, 474-476.

Middlekauf, W. W., and Lane, R. S. (1980). "Adult and Immature Tabanidae (Diptera) of California." Bulletin of the California Insect Survey No 22. Univ. of California Press, Berkeley.

Mullens, B. A., and Gerhardt, R. R. (1979). Feeding behavior of some Tennessee Tabanidae. Environmental Entomology 8, 10471051.

Noireau, F., Nzoulani, A., Sinda, D., and Itoua, A. (1990). Transmission indices of Loa loa in the Chaillu Mountains, Congo. American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene 43, 282-288.

Oldroyd, H. (1954-1957). "Horseflies of the Ethiopian Region," Vols. 1-3. British Museum of Natural History, London.

Olsufiev, N. G. (1977). "Horse Flies. Family Tabanidae. Fauna of the USSR." New Series No. 113, Insects, Diptera 7(2). Nauka, Leningrad.

Pechuman, L. L. (1981). "The Horse Flies and Deer Flies of New York (Diptera: Tabanidae)." Search Agriculture, Cornell University Agriculture Experiment Station No. 18. Cornell University, Ithaca, New York.

Pechuman, L. L., and Teskey, H. J. (1981). Tabanidae. In "Manual of Nearctic Diptera" (J. F. McAlpine, Ed.), Vol. 1, pp. 463-478. Monograph 27. Agriculture Canada Research Branch, Ottawa.

Pechuman, L. L., Webb, D. W., and Teskey, H. J. (1983). "The Diptera, or True Flies, of Illinois. I. Tabanidae." Illinois Natural History Survey Bulletin No. 33. Illinois Department of Energy and Natural Resources, Champaign, Illinois.

Pence, D. B. (1991). Elaeophorosis in wild ruminants. Bulletin of the Society of Vector Ecology 16, 149-160.

Perich, M. J., Wright, R. E., and Lusby, K. S. (1986). Impact of horse flies (Diptera: Tabanidae) on beef cattle. Journal of Economic Entomology 79, 128-131.

Poinar, G. O., Jr. (1985). Nematode parasites and infectious diseases of Tabanidae (Diptera). Myia 3, 599-616.

Ralley, W. E., Galloway, T. D., and Crow, G. H. (1992). Individual and group behavior of pastured cattle in response to attack by biting flies. Canadian Journal of Zoology 71, 725-734.

Roberts, L. W., and Wilson, B. H. (1967). Predation of horse flies by two bembicine wasp species in certain areas of southern Louisiana. Journal of Economic Entomology 60, 412-415.

Schutz, S. J., and Gaugler, R. (1989). Honeydew-feeding behavior of salt marsh horse flies (Diptera: Tabanidae). Journal of Medical Entomology 26, 471-473.

Smith, S. M., Turnbull, D. A., and Taylor, P. D. (1994). Assembly, mating, and energetics of Hybomitra arpadi (Diptera: Tabanidae) at Churchill, Manitoba. Journal of Insect Behavior 7, 355-383.

Stoffolano, J. G., Jr., and Lin, L. R. S. (1983). Comparative study of the mouthparts and associated sensillae of adult male and female Tabanus nigrovittatus (Diptera: Tabanidae). Journal of Medical Entomology 20, 11-32.

Sutton, B. D., and Carlson, D. A. (1997). Cuticular hydrocarbon variation in the Tabanidae (Diptera): Tabanus nigrovittatus complex of the North American Atlantic coast. Annals of the Entomological Society of America 90, 542-549.

Takahasi, H. (1962). "Fauna Japónica. Tabanidae (Insecta: Diptera)." Biogeographical Society of Japan, National Science Museum, Tokyo.

Teskey, H. J. (1990). "The Insects and Arachnids of Canada, Part 16. The Horse Flies and Deer Flies of Canada and Alaska (Diptera: Tabanidae)." Agriculture Canada Publication 1838. Minister of Supply and Services Canada, Ottawa.

Waage, J. K., and Davies, C. R. (1986). Host-mediated competition in a bloodsucking insect community. Journal of Animal Ecology 55, 171-180.

Wilkerson, R. C., Butler, J. F., and Pechuman, L. L. (1985). Swarming, hovering, and mating behavior of male horse flies and deer flies (Diptera: Tabanidae). Myia 3, 515-546.

Wilson, B. H. (1968). Reduction of tabanid populations on cattle with sticky traps baited with dry ice. Journal of Economic Entomology 61, 827-829.

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