References And Further Reading

Atkinson, C. T. (1991). Vectors, epizootiology, and pathogenicity of avian species of Haemoproteus (Haemosporina: Haemoproteidae), Bulletin of the Society of Vector Ecology 16, 109-126.

Baker, J. R. (1967). A review of the role played by the Hippoboscidae (Diptera) as vectors of endoparasites. Journal of Parasitology S3, 412-418.

Baker, J. R, (1978). Biology of trypanosomes of birds. In "Biology of the Kinetoplastids" (W. H. R. Lulmsden and D. A. Evans, Eds.), Vol. 1, pp. 131-174. Academic Press, London.

Baron, R. W., and Nelson, W. A. (1985). Aspects of the humoral and cell-mediated immune responses of sheep to the ked Melophagus ov-inns (Diptera: Hippoboscidae). Journal of Medical Entomology 22, 544-549.

Bequaert, J. C. (1942). A monograph of the Melophaginae, or ked-flies, of sheep, goats, deer and antelopes (Diptera, Hippoboscidae). Entomologica Americana (new series) 22, 1—220.

Bequaert, J. C. (1952-1953). The Hippoboscidae or louse-fiies (Diptera) of mammals and birds. Part 1. Structure, physiology and natural history. Entornologica Americana (new scries) 32, 1-209 (1952), 33, 211-442 (1953).

Bequaert, J. C. (1954-1957). The Hippoboscidae or louse-flies (Diptera) of mammals and birds. Part II. Taxonomy, evolution and revision of American genera and species. Entomologica Americana (new series) 34, 1-232 (1954), 35, 233-416 (1955), 36, 417-611 (1957).

Borror, D. J., Triplehorn, C. A., and Johnson, N. F. (1989). "An Introduction to the Study of Insects." Saunders, Philadelphia.

Chistyakov, A. F. (1968). Skin lesions in people due to bite of Lipoptena cervi. Vestnik Dermatologii i Ventrologii 42, 59-62.

Cline, L. D., and Throne, J. E, (1993). Seasonal flight activity of Lipoptena mazmae (Diptera: Hippoboscidae) in South Carolina. Entomological ?&jot104, 129-132.

Constantine, D. G. (1970). Bats in relation to health, welfare and economy of man. In "Biology of Bats" (W, A. Wimsatt, Ed.), Vol. 2, pp. 319-449. Academic Press, San Diego.

Drummond, R. O., Lambert, G., Smalley, H. E., Jr., and Terrii!, C. E. (1981). Estimated losses of livestock to pests. In "CRC Handbook of Pest Management in Agriculture" (D. Pimentel, Ed.), Vol 1, pp. 111-127. CRC Press, Boca Raton, FL.

Evans, G. O. (1950). Studies on the bionomics of the sheep ked, Melophagus ovinus L., in West Wales. Bulletin of Entomological Research 40, 459-478.

Everett, A. L., Roberts, I. H., Willard, H. Apodaca, S. A., Bitcover, E, H., and Naghski, J. (1969). The cause of cockle, a seasonal sheepskin defect, identified by infesting a test fiock with keds (Melophagus ovinus). Journal of the American Leather Chemists' Association 64, 460-476.

Everett, A. L., Roberts, I. H., and Naghski, J. (1971). Reduction in leather value and yields of meat and wool from sheep infested with keds. Journal of the American Leather Chemists' Association 66, 118-130.

Forrester, D. J., McLaughlin, G. S., Telford, S. R, Jr., Foster, G. W., and McCown, J. W. (1996). Ectoparasites (Acari, Mallophaga,

Anoplura, Diptera) ofwhite-tailed deer, Odocoileus virginianus, from southern Florida. Journal of Medical Entomology 33, 96-101.

Fritz, G. N. (1983). Biology and ecology of bat flies (Diptera: Strebl-idae) on bats in the genus Carollia. Journal of Medical Entomology 20,1-10.

Furman, D. P., and Catts, E. P. (1970). Manual of medical entomology. Fourth edition. Cambridge University Press.

Graham, P. P. H., and Taylor, IC L. (1941). "Studies on Some Ectoparasites of Sheep and Their Control. 1. Observations on the Bionomics of the Sheep Ked (Melophagus ovinus)." Council of Scientific and Industrial Research, Pamphlet No. 108, pp. 8, 9-26. Melbourne, Australia.

Hafez, M, Hilali, M., and Fouda, M. (1977). Biological studies on Hippobosca equina (L.) (Diptera: Hippoboscidae) infesting domestic animals in Egypt. Zeitscbrift fuer Angewandte Entomologie 83, 426-441.

Hagan, H. R. (1951). "Embryology of the Viviparous Insects." Ronald Press, New York.

Hare, J. E. (1945). Flying stages of the deer lousefly, Lipoptena de-pressa (Say), in California (Diptera, Hippoboscidae). Pan-Pacific Entomologist 21, 48-57.

Harlan, H. J., and Chaniotis, B. N. (1983). Report of Olfersia coriacea (Diptera: Hippoboscidae) feeding on a human in Panama. Journal of Parasitology 69, 1026.

Heath, A. C. G., Cooper, S. M., Cole, D. J. W., and Bishop, D. M. (1994). Evidence for the role of the sheep biting louse Bovkola ovis in producing cockle, a sheep pelt defect. Veterinary Parasitology 59, 53-58.

Hutson, A. M. (1984). "Keds, Flat-Flies and Bat-Flies, Diptera, Hippoboscidae and Nycteribiidae. Handbooks for the Identification of British Insects." Vol. 10, Part 7. Royal Entomological Society of London.

Jobling, B. (1929). A comparative study of the structure of the head and mouthparts in the Streblidae (Diptera: Pupipara). Parasitology 18, 319-349.

Joseph, S. A., Karunamoorthy, G., Ramachandran, P. K., Sukumaran, D., and Rao, S. S. (1991). Studies on the haematophagous arthropods of zoonotic importance in Tamil Nadu. Entomology for Defense Services. In "Proceedings of the Symposium held on 12-14 September 1990," pp. 185-192. Defense Research & Development Establishment, Gwalior, India.

Keirans, J. E. (1975). A review of the phoretic relationship between Mallophaga (Phthiraptera: Insecta) and Hippoboscidae (Diptera: Insecta). Journal of Medical Entomology 12, 71 -76.

Knab, F. (1916). Four European Diptera established in North America. Insecutor Inscitiae Menstruus 4, 1-4.

Laidet, M. (1969). L'orinine de la noisillure le Melophage. Technicuir 4, 39-50.

Legg, D. E., Kumar, R, Watson, D. W., and Lloyd, J. E. (1991). Seasonal movement and spatial distribution of the sheep ked (Diptera: Hippoboscidae) on Wyoming lambs .Journal of Economic Entomology 84, 1532-1539.

Lenoble, B. J., and Denlinger, D. L. (1982). The milk gland of the sheep ked, Melophagus ovinus: a comparison with Glossina. J. Insect. Physiol. 28, 165-172.

Lloyd, J. E. (1985). Arthropod pests of sheep. In "Livestock Entomology" (R. E. Williams, R. D. Hall, A. B. Broce, and P. J. Scholl, Eds.), pp. 253-267. Wiley, New York.

Lloyd, J. E., Olson, E. J., and Pfadt, R. E. (1978). Low-volume spraying of sheep to control the sheep ked. Journal of Economic Entomology 71, 548-550.

Lloyd, J. E., Pfadt, R. E., and Olson, E. J. (1982). Sheep ked control with pour-on applications of organophosphorus insecticides. Journal of Economic Entomology 75, 5-6.

Luedke, A. J., Jochim, M. M., and Bowne, J. G. (1965). Preliminary bluetongue transmission with the sheep ked Melophagus ovinus (L.). Canadian Journal of Comparative Medicine and Veterinary Sciences 29, 229-231.

Maa, T. C. (1963). Genera and species of Hippoboscidae (Diptera): types, synonymy, habitats and natural groupings. Pacific Insects Monograph 6, 1-186.

Maa, T. C. (1966). Studies in Hippoboscidae (Diptera). Pacific Insects Monograph 10, 1-148.

Maa, T. C. (1969). Studies in Hippoboscidae (Diptera). Part 2. Pacific Insects Monograph 20, I-3I2.

Maa, T. C. (1971). Studies in batflies (Diptera: Streblidae, Nycteribiidae). Part I. Pacific Insects Monograph 28, 1-248.

Maa, T. C., and Peterson, B. V. (1987). Hippoboscidae. In "Manual of Nearctic Diptera" (J. F. McAlpine, B. V. Peterson, G. E. Shewell, H. J. Teskey, J. R. Vockeroth, and D. M. Wood, Eds.), Vol. 2, pp. 1271-1281. Monograph 28. Research Branch, Agriculture Canada, Ottawa.

Marshall, A. G. (1970). The life cycle of Basilio, hispida Theodor 1967 (Diptera: Nycteribiidae) in Malaysia. Parasitology 61, 1-18.

Marshall, A. G. (1981). "The Ecology of Parasitic Insects." Academic Press, San Diego.

Nelson, W. A. (1958). Transfer of sheep keds,Melophagus ovinus (L.), from ewes to their lambs. Nature 181, 56.

Nelson, W. A., and Bainborough, A. R. (1963). Development in sheep of resistance to the ked Melophagus vinus (L.). III. Histopathology of sheep skin as a clue to the nature of resistance. Experimental Parasitology 13, 118-127.

Nelson, W. A., and Petrunia, D. M. (1969). Melophagus ovinus: feeding mechanism on transilluminated mouse ear. Experimental Parasitology 26, 308-313.

Nelson, W. A., and Qually, M. C. (1958). Annual cycles in numbers of the sheep ked, Melophagus ovinus (h.). Canadian Journal of Animal Science 38, 194-199.

Nelson, W. A., and Slen,S. B. (1968). Weight gains and wool growth in sheep infested with the sheep ked Melophagus ovinus. Experimental Parasitology 22, 223-226.

Peterson, B. V., and Wenzel, R. L. (1987). Nycteribiidae. In "Manual of Nearctic Diptera" (J. F. McAlpine, B. V. Peterson, G. E. Shewell, H. J. Teskey, J. R. Vockeroth and D. M. Wood, Eds.), Vol. 2, pp. 1283-1291. Monograph 28. Research Branch, Agriculture Canada, Ottawa.

Pfadt, R. E., and Roberts, I. H. (1978). Louse flies (family Hippoboscidae). In "Surveillance and Collection of Arthropods of Veterinary Importance" (RA. Bram, Ed.), pp. 60-71. US Department of Agriculture, Agriculture Handbook No. 518. Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service, Washington, DC.

Pfadt, R. E., Paules, L. H., and DeFoliart, G. R. (1953). Effect of the sheep ked on weight gains of feeder lambs. Journal of Economic Entomology 46, 95-99.

Pfadt, R. E., Lloyd, J. E., and Spackman, E. W. (1973). "Control of Insects and Related Pests of Sheep." Agriculture Experiment Station Bulletin 514R. Univ. of Wyoming, Laramie, Wyoming.

Philips, J. R., and Fain, A. (1991). Acariñe symbionts of louseflies (Diptera: Hippoboscidae). Acarologia 32, 377-384.

Samuel, W. M., and Trainer, D. O. (1972). Lipoptena mazamae Rodani, 1878 (Diptera: Hippoboscidae) on white-tailed deer in southern Texas. Journal of Medical Entomology 9, 104-106.

Schlein, Y. (1970). A comparative study of the thoracic skeleton and musculature of the Pupipara and the Glossinidae (Diptera). Parasitology 60, 327-373.

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Westrom, D. R., and Anderson, J. R. (1992). The distribution and seasonal abundance of deer keds (Diptera: Hippoboscidae) on Columbian black- tailed deer (Odocoileushemionuscolumbianus) in northern California. Bulletin of the Society of Vector Ecology 17, 57-69.

Zaugg, J. L., and Coan, M. E. (1986). Test of the sheep ked Melopha-gus ovinus (L.) as a vector of Anaplasma ovis Lestoquard. American Journal of Veterinary Research 47, 1060-1062.

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