Table

Pathogens Transmitted by Lice

Disease

Disease agent

Vector

Host(s)

Geographic distribution

Viral

Swinepox Bacterial

Bovine anaplasmosis Epidemic typhus Sporadic epidemic typhus Louse-borne relapsing fever Salmonellosis Trench fever Tularemia Rodent brucellosis Murine hemobartonellosis Murine eperythrozoonosis Fungal

Bovine dermatomycosis (ringworm)

Helminthic Seal heartworm Avian filariasis Avian filariasis Avian filariasis Double-pored tapeworm"

Pox virus

Anaplasma spp.

R. prowazekii Borrelia recurrentis Salmonella enteriditis Bartonella quintana Francisella tularensis Brucella brucei Haemobartonella muris Eperythrozoon coccoides s spp.

Pelecitus fulicaeatrae Sarconema eurycerca 'ium caninum

Haematopinus suis

Cattle-sucking lice

Flying squirrel lice P. h. humanus P. h. humanus P. h. humanus Rodent and lagomorph lice Hoplopleura acanthopus Polyplax spinulosa Polyplax serrata

Trichophyton verrucosum Cattle lice

Echinophthirius horridus Bird chewing lice

Trinoton anserinum Trichodectes canis

Cattle Human

Flying squirrel, human

Human

Human

Human

Rodents, rabbits Voles

Domestic rats Domestic mouse

Cattle

Harbor seal Charadriiform birds Aquatic birds Geese, swans Dog, human

Widespread

Global Global

North America

Global

Eurasia

Global

Global

Northern Hemisphere

Global

Global

Global

Northern Hemisphere Widespread Holarctic region Holarctic region Global

'Lice are intermediate hosts, not vectors, of this tapeworm.

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