This family is composed of 10 genera and approximately 146 species that are restricted mostiy to North America. Species ofVaejovidae are found in every conceivable habitat in nearly every state of Mexico and much of the United States, especially the west (Washington, Oregon, Idaho, Montana, Wyoming, California, Nevada, Utah, Colorado, North Dakota, South Dakota, Nebraska, Arizona, New Mexico, and Texas). One species ranges south into Guatemala, while another species can be found in Canada. Vaejovis carolinianus occurs in wooded, mountainous areas of the eastern United States (parts of Kentucky, Tennessee, Virginia, North Carolina, South Carolina, Georgia, Alabama, Mississippi, and Louisiana). It is a small (about 2.4 cm), dark scorpion that readily enters homes throughout its range but is particularly prevalent in the Atlanta, GA, area. Other species may enter homes in other areas. In California, species of the genera Pseudouroctonus and Uroctonus commonly enter homes. No member of this family poses any appreciable health threat, but stings from these species are more likely to cause minor localized discoloration, swelling, and necrosis than are the more painful stings of buthid scorpions.

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