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FIGURE 10.12. Buprestoidea. (A) Chrysobothris femorata (Buprestidae); and (B) Chrysobothris sp. larva. [A, from E. S. Dillon and L. S. Dillon, 1972, A Manual of Common Beetles of Eastern N. America. By permission of Dover Publications, New York. B, from A. D. Imms, 1957, A General Textbook of Entomology, 9th ed., (revised by O. W. Richards and R. G. Davies). Methuen and Co.]

expanded and flattened prothorax (Figure 10.12B), may sometimes become serious pests as they bore in wood (living or dead) or herbaceous plants where they cause galls.

Superfamily Artematopoidea

As constructed by Crowson (1981), this group includes three families, CALLIRHIP-IDAE (150 species, worldwide), ARTEMATOPIDAE (60 species, holarctic, Central and South America), and BRACHYPSECTRIDAE (3 species, western North America, southern India, and Malaysia). Other authors place these families in the Byrrhoidea or Dryopoidea, the Elateroidea, and the Cantharoidea, respectively.

Superfamily Elateroidea

About 9000 of the approximately 10,500 species of Elateroidea belong to the cosmopolitan family ELATERIDAE (Figure 10.13), the adults and larvae of which are commonly known as click beetles and wireworms, respectively. Adults are found on flowers or under bark. Larvae live in soil, litter, rotting wood, etc., and are phytophagous (often causing extensive damage to cereal crops, beans, cotton, and potatoes), saprophagous,

Beekeeping for Beginners

Beekeeping for Beginners

The information in this book is useful to anyone wanting to start beekeeping as a hobby or a business. It was written for beginners. Those who have never looked into beekeeping, may not understand the meaning of the terminology used by people in the industry. We have tried to overcome the problem by giving explanations. We want you to be able to use this book as a guide in to beekeeping.

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