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640 larval-pupal, or pupal-adult. Hormones also coordinate the sequence of events in the growth and molting cycle and in some species ensure that an adult emerges when environmental conditions are suitable. The hormones act by regulating genetic activity. In a particular hormonal milieu, the genes that are active are responsible for expression of larval characters; under other hormonal conditions genes for pupal or imaginal features are activated.

Many environmental factors can modify developmental patterns. Some of these factors, for example, temperature, may act directly to affect development; most factors, however, exert their effect indirectly via the endocrine system.

Beekeeping for Beginners

Beekeeping for Beginners

The information in this book is useful to anyone wanting to start beekeeping as a hobby or a business. It was written for beginners. Those who have never looked into beekeeping, may not understand the meaning of the terminology used by people in the industry. We have tried to overcome the problem by giving explanations. We want you to be able to use this book as a guide in to beekeeping.

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