212 in Hemiptera. Most Heteroptera possess scent glands in both juvenile and adult stages. In juveniles these are typically on the dorsal surface of abdominal segments 4-7. Though in some heteropterans the glands of juveniles continue to function in the adult stage, in most species new, ventrally positioned metathoracic glands differentiate at eclosion. Mostly the glands secrete repugnatorial chemicals; in some species, however, aggregation, warning, or sexual pheromones are produced. Wax-secreting glands occur in many Sternorrhyncha and Fulgoroidea, usually on the dorsal surface of the abdomen. Their function is presumably protective.

Beekeeping for Beginners

Beekeeping for Beginners

The information in this book is useful to anyone wanting to start beekeeping as a hobby or a business. It was written for beginners. Those who have never looked into beekeeping, may not understand the meaning of the terminology used by people in the industry. We have tried to overcome the problem by giving explanations. We want you to be able to use this book as a guide in to beekeeping.

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