266 However, a similar phenomenon is not seen in polyxenous fleas. Eggs are almost never attached to the host but fall to the floor, hatching after 2-12 days.

Except for those of the Australian flea Uropsylla tasmanica, which live within the skin of their marsupial host, larvae are free-living and feed on organic debris. The larval stage may last several months depending on environmental conditions. After two molts the larvae pupate in a cocoon. Adult emergence is often dependent on a physical stimulus such as contact, increase in carbon dioxide level, or rise in temperature, as would be occasioned by the return of the host to its nest. Newly emerged adults may survive for several months without food.

Beekeeping for Beginners

Beekeeping for Beginners

The information in this book is useful to anyone wanting to start beekeeping as a hobby or a business. It was written for beginners. Those who have never looked into beekeeping, may not understand the meaning of the terminology used by people in the industry. We have tried to overcome the problem by giving explanations. We want you to be able to use this book as a guide in to beekeeping.

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