Chemical Control

The use of chemicals either to kill or to repel insect pests is the oldest method of pest control. Fronk (in Pfadt, 1985) notes that the Greeks used sulfur against pests almost 3000 years ago and the Romans used asphalt fumes to rid their vineyards of insect pests. The Chinese used arsenic compounds against garden pests before 900 A.D., though arsenic was not used in the Western world until the second half of the 17th century.

Until about 1940, insecticides belonged to two major categories, the "inorganics" and the "botanicals." Among the inorganic insecticides are arsenic and its derivatives (arseni-cals), including Paris green (copper acetoarsenite), which was the first insecticide to be used on a large scale in the United States—against Colorado potato beetle in 1865. Other

Beekeeping for Beginners

Beekeeping for Beginners

The information in this book is useful to anyone wanting to start beekeeping as a hobby or a business. It was written for beginners. Those who have never looked into beekeeping, may not understand the meaning of the terminology used by people in the industry. We have tried to overcome the problem by giving explanations. We want you to be able to use this book as a guide in to beekeeping.

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