Synonyms: Dictuoptera, Oothecaria, Blattiformia, Common names: cockroaches and

Blattopteriformia mantids

Small to very large terrestrial insects of varied form; head hypognathous with filiform, multiseg-mented antennae, mandibulate mouthparts and well developed compound eyes, ocelli present (Mantodea) or usually absent (Blattodea); pronotum large and disclike (Blattodea) or elongate (most Mantodea), legs with five-segmented tarsi, fore wings modified as tegmina, brachyptery, and aptery common; ovipositor reduced and hidden, male genitalia complex and concealed, cerci fairly short but multisegmented.

This mainly tropical to subtropical order contains some 5500 described species that fall into two clearly defined suborders, Blattodea (cockroaches), with at least 3500 species (including about 70 in North America, more than 400 in Australia, and 9 in Britain), and Mantodea (mantids), a predominantly Old World group of about 2000 species (including about 900 in Africa and 530 in Asia). About 20 mantid species occur in North America and 160 in Australia. Several species of cockroaches are important cosmopolitan pests.

Beekeeping for Beginners

Beekeeping for Beginners

The information in this book is useful to anyone wanting to start beekeeping as a hobby or a business. It was written for beginners. Those who have never looked into beekeeping, may not understand the meaning of the terminology used by people in the industry. We have tried to overcome the problem by giving explanations. We want you to be able to use this book as a guide in to beekeeping.

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