Synonyms: Plectoptera, Ephemerida Common names: mayflies, shadflies

Adults small- to medium-sized elongate fragile insects; antennae short and setaceous, mouthparts vestigial, compound eyes large, three ocelli present; generally two pairs of membranous wings (though hind pair greatly reduced) held vertically over body when at rest, with many crossveins; abdomen terminated with two very long cerci and frequently a median caudal filament; with subimaginal and imaginal winged stages.

Larvae aquatic; body campodeiform; antennae short, compound eyes well-developed, biting mouthparts; abdomen usually with long cerci and a median caudal filament, and four to seven pairs of segmental tracheal gills.

Approximately 2100 species of this widely distributed order have been described, though this may represent only about one-third of the extant species. Of the described species, about 675 occur in North America, 84 in Australia, and about 50 in Britain.

Beekeeping for Beginners

Beekeeping for Beginners

The information in this book is useful to anyone wanting to start beekeeping as a hobby or a business. It was written for beginners. Those who have never looked into beekeeping, may not understand the meaning of the terminology used by people in the industry. We have tried to overcome the problem by giving explanations. We want you to be able to use this book as a guide in to beekeeping.

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