Though almost as large a group as the Cucujoidea, the superfamily Chrysomeloidea is the remaining much more uniform, being divided by Crowson (1981) into five families, two of which are very large, and two small. Both adults and larvae are phytophagous or xylophagous. The CERAMBYCIDAE (35,000 species) are commonly known as long-horned beetles (Figure 10.19A). The family, which is mainly tropical but has representatives throughout the world, contains some of the largest insects, with adults of some species more than 7 cm in length (excluding the antennae). Adults, which are brightly colored, cryptically colored, or mimic other insects, feed on flowers, foliage, or bark. Larvae generally bore into wood, though a few are restricted to the softer roots and stems of herbaceous plants. In most species the larval stage lasts for several years. The BRUCHIDAE (1500 species) are commonly known as pea and bean weevils, though they are not weevils in the true sense. Larvae feed almost exclusively in the seeds of Leguminosae, though some species attack Palmaceae (coconuts,

Beekeeping for Beginners

Beekeeping for Beginners

The information in this book is useful to anyone wanting to start beekeeping as a hobby or a business. It was written for beginners. Those who have never looked into beekeeping, may not understand the meaning of the terminology used by people in the industry. We have tried to overcome the problem by giving explanations. We want you to be able to use this book as a guide in to beekeeping.

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