Insects And Humans

FIGURE 24.5. The three phases in the development of an IPM program. [From D. Dent, 1991, Insect Pest Management. By permission of CAB International, Wallingford, U.K.]

typically are only one component of the pest problem, and that any strategy for their management must be compatible with those developed for other pests and with overall socioeconomic goals). (1) What is the economic injury threshold? It has been observed frequently that insecticide users were maintaining pest population density at levels much below the economic injury threshold, increasing their operational costs in both the short and the long term. (2) What are the best parasitoids and predators to use and how might their abundance be increased? (3) Are some of the pests amenable to control by microbial insecticides? (4) What are the best insecticides to use, when should they be applied, and what are suitable

Beekeeping for Beginners

Beekeeping for Beginners

The information in this book is useful to anyone wanting to start beekeeping as a hobby or a business. It was written for beginners. Those who have never looked into beekeeping, may not understand the meaning of the terminology used by people in the industry. We have tried to overcome the problem by giving explanations. We want you to be able to use this book as a guide in to beekeeping.

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