Interactions between Insects and Other Animals

Interactions between insects and other animals (including other members of the same species) take many forms, though most are food-related. Insects may be predators (which require more than one prey individual in order to complete development), parasitoids, or parasites (which need only one host to complete development). Parasitoids differ from parasites in that they ultimately kill their host, which is typically another arthropod. Alternatively, insects may serve as prey or host for other animals. Insects may also enter into mutualistic relationships with other species. In another form of interaction, insects may compete either with other members of the species or with other animals for the same resource, for example, food, breeding or egg-laying sites, overwintering sites, or resting sites. Between opposite sexes of the same species, the interaction may be for a very obvious purpose, propagation of the species.

Beekeeping for Beginners

Beekeeping for Beginners

The information in this book is useful to anyone wanting to start beekeeping as a hobby or a business. It was written for beginners. Those who have never looked into beekeeping, may not understand the meaning of the terminology used by people in the industry. We have tried to overcome the problem by giving explanations. We want you to be able to use this book as a guide in to beekeeping.

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