Lepidoptera

Synonyms: none Common names: butterflies and moths

Insects whose body and appendages are covered with scales; head with large compound eyes and mouthparts almost always in form of suctorial proboscis; prothorax in most species reduced, two pairs of membranous wings present in almost all species with few crossveins; posterior abdominal segments much modified in connection with reproduction, cerci absent.

Larvae eruciform with well-developed head, mandibulate mouthparts, and 0-11 (usually 8) pairs of legs. Pupae in most species adecticous and obtect, in others decticous.

Lepidoptera are probably the most familiar and easily recognized of all insects. Some 200,000 species have been described, including about 11,300 from North America, 10,000 from Australia, and 2500 from Britain.

Beekeeping for Beginners

Beekeeping for Beginners

The information in this book is useful to anyone wanting to start beekeeping as a hobby or a business. It was written for beginners. Those who have never looked into beekeeping, may not understand the meaning of the terminology used by people in the industry. We have tried to overcome the problem by giving explanations. We want you to be able to use this book as a guide in to beekeeping.

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