Life History and Habits

Like springtails, proturans are found in a variety of moist habitats. Although frequently overlooked because of their small size, they are quite numerous in certain situations particularly in soil and litter. Few details of their biology are available. They are thought to be fungivorous. It is reported that four juvenile stages are passed through before sexual maturity is reached (five in male Acerentomidae which have a preimago instar), but it is not known whether proturans molt when adult. There are probably several generations per year with, in cooler climates, the adults spending the winter in a dormant condition.

Beekeeping for Beginners

Beekeeping for Beginners

The information in this book is useful to anyone wanting to start beekeeping as a hobby or a business. It was written for beginners. Those who have never looked into beekeeping, may not understand the meaning of the terminology used by people in the industry. We have tried to overcome the problem by giving explanations. We want you to be able to use this book as a guide in to beekeeping.

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