Life History and Habits

Adult Raphidioptera are diurnal and may be found on flowers, foliage, tree trunks, etc. where they prey on soft-bodied arthropods, especially aphids and caterpillars; they also eat some pollen. A long courtship precedes mating, after which the female lays several hundred eggs, in batches of up to 100, in cracks in the bark of trees, etc.

Larvae occur under loose bark, especially of conifers, where they prey on other insects. Larval development usually takes 2 years or more, and there are 10 to 15 instars. Mature larvae form a cell in which to pupate. Pupae may actively move about until eclosion.

Beekeeping for Beginners

Beekeeping for Beginners

The information in this book is useful to anyone wanting to start beekeeping as a hobby or a business. It was written for beginners. Those who have never looked into beekeeping, may not understand the meaning of the terminology used by people in the industry. We have tried to overcome the problem by giving explanations. We want you to be able to use this book as a guide in to beekeeping.

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