Life History and Habits

Though many Zygentoma resemble Microcoryphia in their general habits, living in leaf litter, under bark, and in other places with high humidity, others are extremely resistant to desiccation and have the ability to take up water from the atmosphere. All are very agile insects. Zygentoma are omnivorous or phytophagous.

Eggs are laid singly or in groups, in crevices, etc. Individuals may live for several years, and as many as 60 molts have been recorded. About a dozen molts occur before sexual maturity is reached. Because the lining of the spermatheca is shed at each molt, females must mate between molts in order to produce fertilized eggs. The majority of species reproduce sexually, males producing stalked spermatophores that are deposited on the substrate for females to pick up as in Microcoryphia. However, parthenogenesis probably occurs in a few species where males are very scarce.

Beekeeping for Beginners

Beekeeping for Beginners

The information in this book is useful to anyone wanting to start beekeeping as a hobby or a business. It was written for beginners. Those who have never looked into beekeeping, may not understand the meaning of the terminology used by people in the industry. We have tried to overcome the problem by giving explanations. We want you to be able to use this book as a guide in to beekeeping.

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