Life History and Habits

Microcoryphia are usually nocturnal, hiding by day in rotting wood, among leaves, in crevices, under stones, etc., and are restricted to such habitats by their inability to resist desiccation. They are phytophagous or omnivorous, feeding on algae, lichens, leaf litter, and sometimes other arthropods. Bristletails can run fairly quickly and sometimes jump (up to 10 cm).

Details of the life history of Microcoryphia are not well known. Though parthenogenesis occurs in some species, reproduction is usually sexual, males leaving stalked sper-matophores on the substrate or placing a sperm droplet on the ovipositor. Females lay eggs singly or in batches of up to 30 in crevices or holes dug with the ovipositor. The absence of a spermatheca suggests that mating must occur frequently. Postembryonic development is slow (generally taking several months to a year from hatching to adulthood) and includes at least five juvenile instars in Machilis. Molting continues in adults.

Beekeeping for Beginners

Beekeeping for Beginners

The information in this book is useful to anyone wanting to start beekeeping as a hobby or a business. It was written for beginners. Those who have never looked into beekeeping, may not understand the meaning of the terminology used by people in the industry. We have tried to overcome the problem by giving explanations. We want you to be able to use this book as a guide in to beekeeping.

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