Life History and Habits

Grylloblattodea are cryptozoic insects, generally found in cold wet locations, often at relatively high altitudes, under stones, in rotting logs or leaf litter of cool temperate forests, etc. In Korea grylloblattids have also been taken in caves. Contrary to what is usually reported, the insects are active by both day and night (Rentz, 1991). They favor low temperatures (optimally around 4oC) and go underground during warmer months. In winter they probably remain active, occupying the air space between the snow and ground surface. Interestingly, they have very limited ability to withstand below-freezing temperatures. They are typically predaceous, eating a variety of other insects, dead or alive, but also ingest some plant material. The black eggs are laid singly, and embryonic development takes from a few months to 3 years. There are eight juvenile stages, and development may take up to 7 years.

Beekeeping for Beginners

Beekeeping for Beginners

The information in this book is useful to anyone wanting to start beekeeping as a hobby or a business. It was written for beginners. Those who have never looked into beekeeping, may not understand the meaning of the terminology used by people in the industry. We have tried to overcome the problem by giving explanations. We want you to be able to use this book as a guide in to beekeeping.

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