Life History and Habits

The life history and habits of Zoraptera are poorly understood. Species are found in rotting logs, sawdust piles, humus, termites' nests, etc., where they appear to feed principally on fungal hyphae and minute arthropods (e.g., mites and Collembola). Although they are gregarious and dimorphic, there appears to be little social organization. However, in colonies of Zorotypus gurneyi males show dominance hierarchy. Older males tend to dominate and secure most matings (Choe, 1994). Both apterous and alate forms are sexually functional. Winged forms apparently swarm, shedding their wings thereafter. Development is hemimetabolous, and juveniles are of two forms, one with and the other without wing buds. The number of juvenile instars is not known.

Beekeeping for Beginners

Beekeeping for Beginners

The information in this book is useful to anyone wanting to start beekeeping as a hobby or a business. It was written for beginners. Those who have never looked into beekeeping, may not understand the meaning of the terminology used by people in the industry. We have tried to overcome the problem by giving explanations. We want you to be able to use this book as a guide in to beekeeping.

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