Life History and Habits

Adult Megaloptera are generally found in the vicinity of streams or in other cool, moist habitats where, during the day, they rest on vegetation. They probably feed very little and are generally short-lived. Reproduction appears to be entirely sexual and eggs are attached, in batches of several hundred to several thousand, to stones, vegetation, etc., usually near water.

Larvae are aquatic and predaceous. Development in most species is completed in a season, but in some large forms it may take up to 5 years. Larvae pass through 10-12 instars and when mature leave the water and burrow into soil or moss or under stones where pupation occurs. Before emergence pharate adults wriggle to the surface of the pupation medium.

Beekeeping for Beginners

Beekeeping for Beginners

The information in this book is useful to anyone wanting to start beekeeping as a hobby or a business. It was written for beginners. Those who have never looked into beekeeping, may not understand the meaning of the terminology used by people in the industry. We have tried to overcome the problem by giving explanations. We want you to be able to use this book as a guide in to beekeeping.

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