Life History and Habits

Springtails are almost ubiquitous, being found in high latitudes (e.g., 84° south in Antarctica) and altitudes (above 7700 m inthe Himalayas), deserts, and glaciers, in addition to more conventional biomes. Within these regions they occupy a wide range of habitats, though they are most abundant and diverse in moist soil, leaf litter, and rotting wood. Others live in dung, in the fleshy parts of fungi, in the nests of termites, ants, and vertebrates, on grasses, and in flowers. Several species occur in caves, on the surface of standing water (including, rarely, tidal pools), and in both marine and freshwater intertidal zones, though very few are truly aquatic. Occasionally, species form large aggregations on the surface of snow, though the significance of this is not clear. Most Collembola cannot tolerate desiccation, and those that colonize dry habitats show various morphological, physiological,

Beekeeping for Beginners

Beekeeping for Beginners

The information in this book is useful to anyone wanting to start beekeeping as a hobby or a business. It was written for beginners. Those who have never looked into beekeeping, may not understand the meaning of the terminology used by people in the industry. We have tried to overcome the problem by giving explanations. We want you to be able to use this book as a guide in to beekeeping.

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