The biology of Grylloblattodea is described by Walker (1937), Mills and Pepper (1937), and various authors in Ando (1982). Kamp (1979) and other authors in Ando (1982) discuss the taxonomy and distribution, and provide a bibliography, of the group. Giles (1963), Kamp (1973), and Storozhenko (1997, 2002) discuss their affinities with other orthopteroids. Storozhenko (1988) provides a key to living species.

Ando, H. (ed.), 1982, Biology of the Notoptera, Kashiyo-Insatsu, Nagano, Japan.

Giles, E. T., 1963, The comparative external morphology and affinities of the Dermaptera, Trans. R. Entomol. Soc. Lond. 115:95-164.

Kamp, J. W., 1973, Numerical classification of the orthopteroids, with special reference to the Grylloblattodea,

Can. Entomol. 105:1235-1249. Kamp, J. W., 1979, Taxonomy, distribution, and zoogeographic evolution of Grylloblatta in Canada (Insecta:

Notoptera), Can. Entomol. 111:27-38. Mills, H. B., and Pepper, J. H., 1937, Observations on Grylloblatta campodeiformis Walker, Ann. Entomol. Soc. Am. 30:269-274.

Rentz, D. C. F., 1991, Grylloblattodea, in: The Insects of Australia, 2nd ed., Vol. I (CSIRO, ed.), Melbourne

University Press, Carlton, Victoria. Storozhenko, S., 1988, A review of the family Grylloblattidae (Insecta), Articulata 3:167-181. Storozhenko, S. Y., 1997, Fossil history and phylogeny of orthopteroid insects, in: The Bionomics of Grasshoppers, Katydids and Their Kin (S. K.Gangwere, M.C.Muralirangan, andM. Muralirangan, eds.), CAB International, Wallingford, U.K.

Storozhenko, S. Y., 2002, Order Grylloblattida, in: History of Insects (A. P. Rasnitsyn and D. L. J. Quicke, eds.), Kluwer, Dordrecht.

Vrsansky, P., Storozhenko, S. Y., Labandeira, C. C., and Ihringova, P., 2001, Galloisiana olgae sp. nov. (Grylloblattodea: Grylloblattidae) and the paleobiology of a relict order of insects, Ann. Entomol. Soc. Am. 94:179-184. Walker, E. M., 1914, A new species of Orthoptera forming a new genus and family, Can. Entomol. 46:93-99. Walker, E. M., 1937, Grylloblatta, a living fossil, Trans. R. Soc. Can. 31:1-10.

Beekeeping for Beginners

Beekeeping for Beginners

The information in this book is useful to anyone wanting to start beekeeping as a hobby or a business. It was written for beginners. Those who have never looked into beekeeping, may not understand the meaning of the terminology used by people in the industry. We have tried to overcome the problem by giving explanations. We want you to be able to use this book as a guide in to beekeeping.

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