Literature

Information on the effects of abiotic factors on the distribution and abundance of insects is provided by Varley et al. (1973), Price (1984), and authors in the volume edited by Huffaker and Gutierrez (1999). Saunders (1974, 1981, 2002), Beck (1980), and Danks (2003) discuss insect photoperiodism while Beck (1983, 1991) reviews thermope-riodism. Circadian rhythms are examined by Giebultowicz (2000, 2001), Saunders (2002), Stanewsky (2002), and Homberg et al. (2003). Tauber and Tauber (1976), Jungreis (1978), Denlinger (1986, 2002), Tauber et al. (1986), Zaslavski (1988), Nechols et al. (1999), and Danks (1987, 2001, 2002) review insect seasonality, including diapause. Insect migration and dispersal are considered by Johnson (1969), Wehner (1984), Danthanarayana (1986), Dingle (1989), and authors in the volumes edited by Drake and Gatehouse (1995) and Woiwod etal. (2001). Duman and Horwath (1983), Baust and Rojas (1985), Bale (1996, 2002), S0mme (1999,2000), and authors in the volume edited by Lee and Denlinger (1991) review insect cold-hardiness. Abiotic factors that affect the distribution of aquatic insects are discussed by Hynes (1970a,b), Macan (1974), and by authors in the volumes edited by Merritt and Cummins (1978) and Resh and Rosenberg (1984). Cloudsley-Thompson (1975) reviews the adaptations of insects to arid environments.

Bale, J. S., 1993, Classes of insect cold hardiness, Func. Ecol. 7:751-753.

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Beck, S. D., 1991, Thermoperiodism, in: Insects at Low Temperature (R. E. Lee, Jr. and D. L. Denlinger, eds.),

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