Reviews on various aspects of nervous and chemical integration are numerous, and the following list is only a small selection of publications. The structure and function of insect nervous systems are discussed by Treherne (1974), and authors in Volume 5 of Kerkut and Gilbert (1985). The neural and endocrine bases of behavior are dealt with by Markl (1974), Lindauer and Stockhammer (1974), Barton Browne (1974), and Howse (1975). Learning and memory are examined by Alloway (1972). Insect hormones are described by Novak (1975), Highnam and Hill (1977), Downer and Laufer (1983), Raabe (1982, 1989), and Nijhout (1994). Ryan (2002) and authors in Volume 9 of Kerkut and Gilbert (1985), Carde and Minks (1997), Vander Meer et al. (1998), Hardie and Minks (1999), and Blomquist and Vogt (2003) review pheromones and provide lengthy bibliographies to this vast topic. Blum (1981, 1996), Haynes and Birch (in Volume 9 of Kerkut and Gilbert, 1985), and Whitman et al. (1990) deal with allomones and kairomones.

Adams, T. S., 1980, The role of ovarian hormones in maintaining cyclical egg production in insects, Adv. Invert. Reprod. 2:109-125.

Adams, T. S., 1981, Activation of successive ovarian gonotrophic cycles by the corpus allatum in the house fly,

Musca domestica (Diptera: Muscidae), Int. J. Invert. Reprod. 3:41-48. Al Abassi, S., Birkett, M. A., Pettersson, J., Pickett, J. A., Wadhams, L. J., and Woodcock, C. M., 2000, Response of the seven-spot ladybird to an aphid alarm pheromone and an alarm pheromone inhibitor is mediated by paired olfactory cells, J. Chem. Ecol. 26:1765-1771. Alloway, T. M., 1972, Learning and memory in insects, Annu. Rev. Entomol. 17:43-56.

Arn, T., Toth, M., and Priesner, E., 1992, List of Sex Pheromones ofLepidoptera and Related Attractants, 2nd ed., IOBC-WPRS, Montfavet.

Assad, Y. O. H., Hassanali, A., Torto, B., Mahamat, H., Bashir, N. H. H., and El-Bashir, S., 1997, Effects of fifth-instar volatiles on sexual maturation of adult desert locust Schistocerca gregaria, J. Chem. Ecol. 23:13731388.

Ayali, A., Zilberstein, Y., and Cohen, N., 2002, The locust frontal ganglion: A central pattern generator network controlling foregut rhythmic motor patterns, J. Exp. Biol. 205:2825-2832.

Barton Browne, L., 1974, Experimental Analysis of Insect Behavior, Springer-Verlag, Berlin. 433

Bicker, G., 1998, NO news from insect brains, 'Trends Neurosci. 21:349-355.

Birch, M. C., Poppy, G. M., and Baker, T. C., 1990; Scents and éversiblé scent structures of male moths, Annu. NERVOUS AND

Rev. Entomol. 35:25-58. CHEMICAL

Blomquist, G. J., and Vogt, R. G. (éds.), 2003, Insect Pheromone Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, Academic INTEGRATION

Press, New York.

Blum, M. S., 1981, Chemical Defences of Arthropods, Academic Press, New York. Blum, M. S., 1996, Semiochemical parsimony in thé Arthropoda, Annu. Rev. Entomol. 41:353-374. Boo, K. S., and Yang, J. P., 2000, Kairomones used by Trichogramma chilonis to find Helicoverpa assulta eggs, J. Chem. Ecol. 26:359-375.

Borden, J. H., 1982, Aggregation pheromones, in: BarkBeetles inNorthAmericanConifers: Ecology and Evolution

(J. B. Mitton and K. B. Sturgeon, éds.), University of Texas Press, Austin. Cardé, R. T., and Minks, A. K. (éds.), 1997, Insect Pheromone Research: New Directions, Chapman and Hall, New York.

Carlson, S. D., Juang, J.-H., Hilgérs, S. L., and Garment, M. B., 2000, Blood barriers of thé insect, Annu. Rev. Entomol. 45:151-174.

Collétt, T. S., 1996, Insect navigation en routé to thé goal: Multiple stratégies for thé usé of landmarks, J. Exp. Biol. 199:227-235.

Collétt, M., and Collétt, T. S., 2000, How do insects usé path intégration for their navigation?, Biol. Cybern. 83:245-259.

Davey, K. G., and Kuster, J. E., 1981, Thé source of an antigonadotropin in thé female of Rhodnius prolixus Stal,

Can.J.Zool. 59:761-764. Downer, R. G. H., and Laufér, H. (éds.), 1983, Endocrinology of Insects, Liss, New York. Fitzgerald, T. D., 2003, Rolé of trail pheromone in foraging and processionary behavior of pine processionary caterpillars Thaumatopoea pityocampa, J. Chem. Ecol. 29:513-532. Fitzpatrick, S. M., and McNeil, J. M., 1988. Male scent in lepidopteran communication: Théroléof malepheromone in mating behaviour of Pseudaletia unipuncta (Haw.) (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae), Mem. Entomol. Soc. Can. 146:131-151.

Flowers, R. W., and Costa, J. T., 2003, Larval communication and group foraging dynamics in thé réd-héadéd pine sawfly, Neodiprion lecontei (Fitch) (Hymenoptera: Symphyta: Diprionidae), Ann. Entomol. Soc. Amer. 96:336-343.

Gillott, C., 2003, Male accessory gland secretions: Modulators of female reproductive physiology and behavior,

Annu. Rev. Entomol. 48:163-184. Gillott, C., and Friédél, T., 1977, Fecundity-enhancing and receptivity-inhibiting substances produced by male insects: A review, Adv. lnvert. Reprod. 1:199-218. Gillott, C., and Ismail, P. M., 1995, In vitro synthesis of ecdysteroid by thé male accessory reproductive gland, testis and abdominal integument of thé adult migratory grasshopper, Melanoplus sanguinipes, Invert. Reprod. Dev. 27:65-71.

Gronenberg, W., 2001, Subdivisions of hymenopteran mushroom body calyces by their afferent supply, J. Comp. Neurol. 435:474-489.

Hannson, B. S., and Anton, S., 2000, Function and morphology of thé anténnal lobé: New developments, Annu. Rev. Entomol. 45:203-231.

Hardie, J., and Minks, A. K. (éds.), 1999, Pheromones ofNon-Lepidopteran Insects Associated with Agricultural

Plants, CAB International, Wallingford, U.K. Highnam, K. C., and Hill, L., 1977, The Comparative Endocrinology of the Invertebrates, 2nd éd., Arnold, London. Holldoblér, B., 1984, Evolution of insect communication, in Insect Communication (T. Lewis, éd.), Academic Press, New York.

Homberg, U., 1994, Distribution of Neurotransmitters in the Insect Brain, Gustav Fischer Verlag, Stuttgart. Homberg, U., Christensen, T. A., and Hildébrand, J. G., 1989, Structure and function of thé déutocerébrum in insects, Annu. Rev. Entomol. 34:477-501. Howsé, P. E., 1975, Brain structure and behavior in insects, Annu. Rev. Entomol. 20:359-379. Hoylé, G. 1974, Neural control of skeletal musclé, in: The Physiology ofInsecta, 2nd éd., Vol. IV (M. Rockstéin,

éd.), Academic Press, New York. Huber, F., 1974, Neural intégration (central nervous system), in: The Physiology ofInsecta, 2nd éd., Vol. IV (M.

Rockstéin, éd.), Academic Press, New York. Judd, S. P. D., and Collétt, T. S., 1998, Multiple stored views and landmark guidance in ants, Nature 392:710714.

434 Kerkut, G. A., and Gilbert, L. I. (eds.), 1985, Comprehensive Insect Physiology, Biochemistry and Pharmacology,

Pergamon Press, Elmsford, NY.

CHAPTER 13 Kohl, E., Holldobler, B., and Bestmann, H.-J., 2000, A trail pheromone component of the ant Mayriella overbecki

Viehmeyer (Formicidae: Myrmicinae), Naturwissenschaften 87:320-322.

Kretzschmar, D., and Pflugfelder, G. O., 2002, Glia in development, function, and neurodegeneration of the adult insect brain, Brain Res. Bull. 57:121-131.

Lefevere, K. S., Lacey, M. J., Smith, P. H., and Roberts, B., 1993, Identification and quantification of juvenile hormone biosynthesized by larval and adult Australian sheep blow fly Lucilia cuprina (Diptera: Calliphoridae), Insect Biochem. Mol. Biol. 23:713-720.

Lehrer, M., 1991, Bees which turn back and look, Naturwissenschaften 78:274-276.

Lehrer, M., and Bianco, G., 2000, The turn-back-and-look behaviour: Bees versus robot, Biol. Cybern. 83:211229.

Lindauer, M., and Stockhammer, K. A., 1974, Social behavior and mutual communication, in: The Physiology of Insecta, 2nd ed., Vol. III (M. Rockstein, ed.), Academic Press, New York.

Loeb, M. J., Bell, R. A., Gelman, D. B., Kochansky, J., Lusby, W., and Wagner, R. M., 1996, Action cascade of an insect gonadotropin, testis ecdysiotropin, in male Lepidoptera, Invert. Reprod. Devel. 30:181-190.

Locke, M., 1969, Theultrastructure of the oenocytes inthemolt/intermoltcycleof an insect, Tissue Cell 1:103-154.

Lüscher, M., 1972, Environmental control of juvenile hormone (JH) secretion and caste differentiation in termites, Gen. Comp. Endocrinol. Suppl. 3:509-514.

Mahamat, H., Hassanali, A., and Odongo, H., 2000, The role of different components of the pheromone emission of mature males of the desert locust, Schistocerca gregaria (Forskal) (Orthoptera: Acrididae) in accelerating maturation of immature adults, Insect Sci. Appl. 20:1-5.

Markl, H., 1974, Insect behavior: Functions and mechanisms, in: The Physiology of Insecta, 2nd ed., Vol. III (M. Rockstein, ed.), Academic Press, New York.

McCall, P. J., 2002, Chemoecology of oviposition in insects of medical and veterinary importance, in: Chemoe-cology of Insect Eggs and Egg Deposition (M. Hilker and T. Meiners, eds.), Blackwell Verlag, Berlin.

McCall, P. J., and Kelly, D. W., Learning and memory in disease vectors, Trends Parasitol. 18:429-433.

Müller, U., 1997, The nitric-oxide system in insects, Prog. Neurobiol. 51:363-381.

Naisse, J., 1969, Role des neurohormones dans la differentiation sexuelle de Lampyris noctiluca, J. Insect Physiol. 15:877-892.

Nijhout, H. F., 1994, Insect Hormones, Princeton University Press, Princeton, NJ.

Novak, V. J. A., 1975, Insect Hormones, 2nd English ed., Chapman and Hall, London.

Numata, H., Numata, A., Takahashi, C., Nakagawa, Y., Iwatani, K., Takahashi, S., Miura, K., and Chinzei, Y., 1992, Juvenile hormone I is the principal juvenile hormone in a hemipteran insect, Riptortus clavatus,Experientia 48:606-610.

Orchard, I., 1984, The role of biogenic amines in the regulation of peptidergic neurosecretory cells, in: Insect Neurochemistry and Neurophysiology (A.B. Borkovec and T. J. Kelly, eds.), Plenum Press, New York.

Prokopy, R. J., 1981, Oviposition deterring pheromone system of apple maggot flies, in: Management of Insect Pests with Semiochemicals (E. R. Mitchell, ed.), Plenum Press, New York.

Raabe, M., 1982, Insect Neurohormones, Plenum Press, New York.

Raabe, M., 1989, Recent Developments in Insect Neurohormones, Plenum Press, New York.

Rai, M. M., Hassanali, A., Saini, R. K., Odongo, H., and Kahoro, H., 1997, Identification of components of the oviposition aggregation pheromone of the gregarious desert locust, Schistocerca gregaria (Forskal), J. Insect Physiol. 43:83-87.

Ritzmann, R. E., 1984, The cockroach escape response, in: Neural Mechanisms of Startle Behavior (R. C. Eaton, ed.), Plenum Press, New York.

Rollo, C. D., Borden, J. H., and Casey, I. B., 1995, Endogenously produced repellent from the American cockroach (Blattaria: Blattidae): Function in death recognition, Environ. Entomol. 24:116-124.

Romer, P., 1991, The oenocytes of insects: Differentiation, changes during molting, and their possible involvement in the secretion of molting hormone, in: Morphogenetic Hormones of Arthropods (A. P. Gupta, ed.), Vol. 1, Part 3, Rutgers University Press, New Brunswick, NJ.

Romer, F., and Bressel, H. U., 1994, Secretion and metabolism of ecdysteroids by oenocyte-fat body complexes (OEFC) in adult males of Gryllus bimaculatus DeG (Insecta), Z. Naturforsch. CBiosci. 49:871-880.

Ryan, M. F., 2002, Insect Chemoreception: Fundamental and Applied, Kluwer Academic Publishers, Dordrecht.

Saini, R. K., Rai, M. M., Hassanali, A., Wawije, J., and Odongo, H., 1995, Semiochemicals from froth of egg pods attract ovipositing female Schistocerca gregaria, J. Insect Physiol. 41:711-716.

Saunders, D. S., 1997, Insect circadian rhythms and photoperiodism, Invert. Neurosci. 3:155-164.

Schoonhoven, L. M., 1990, Host-marking pheromones in Lepidoptera, with special reference to two Pieris spp., 435

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Stowe, M. K., Turlings, T. C. J., Lougrin, J. H., Lewis, W. J., and Tumlinson, J. H., 1995, The chemistry of eavesdropping, alarm, and deceit, Proc. Natl Acad. Sci. USA 92:23-28.

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