Much general information on Coleoptera is given by Dillon and Dillon (1972), Crowson (1981), Arnett and Thomas (2001), and Arnett etal. (2002). The phylogeny and classification of the order are discussed by Crowson (1955, 1960, 1981), Lawrence and Newton (1982), Evans (1985), Beutel and Haas (1996, 2000), Shull et al. (2001), Caterino et al. (2002), and Kukalova-Peck and Lawrence (2004). The British species may be identified using Joy (1932) and Hodge and Jones (1995), Linnsen (1959), and the Royal Entomological Society handbooks (Crowson, 1956, and others in the series). Dillon and Dillon (1972), Headstrom (1977), Downie and Arnett (1996), Arnett (2000), Arnett and Thomas (2001), and Arnett etal. (2002) deal with the North American forms, while Lawrence and Britton (1991) consider the order from an Australian perspective. Lawrence (1991) provides a key to the larvae of world families and many subfamilies.

Arnett, R. H., Jr., 2000, American Insects: A Handbook of the Insects of America North of Mexico, 2nd ed., CRC Press, Boca Raton, FL.

Arnett, R. H., Jr., and Thomas, M. C. (eds.), 2001, American Beetles, Volume 1 (Archostemata, Myxophaga, Adephaga, Polyphaga: Staphyliniformia), CRC Press, Boca Raton, FL.

326 Arnett, R. H., Jr., Thomas, M. C., Skelley, P. E., and Frank, J. H. (eds.), 2002, American Beetles, Volume 2

(Polyphaga: Scarabaeoidea through Curculionoidea), CRC Press, Boca Raton, FL.

CHAPTER 10 Beutel, R. G., and Haas, A., 1996, Phylogenetic analysis of larval and adult characters of Adephaga (Coleoptera)

using cladistic computer programs, Entomol. Scand. 27:197-205.

Beutel, R. G., and Haas, A., 2000, Phylogenetic relationships of the suborders of Coleoptera, Cladistics 16:103-141.

Caterino, M.S., Shull, V. L., Hammond, P. M., and Vogler, A. P., 2002, Basal relationships of Coleoptera inferred from 18S rDNA sequences, Zool. Scripta 31:41-49.

Crowson, R. A., 1955, The Natural Classification of the Families of Coleoptera, Nathanial Lloyd, London.

Crowson, R. A., 1956, Coleoptera. Introduction and keys to families, R. Entomol. Soc. Handb. Ident. Br. Insects 4(1):59 pp.

Crowson, R. A., 1960, The phylogeny of Coleoptera, Annu. Rev. Entomol. 5:111-134.

Crowson, R. A. 1981, The Biology of the Coleoptera, Academic Press, New York.

Dillon, E. S., and Dillon, L. S., 1972, A Manual of Common Beetles of Eastern N. America, Dover, New York.

Downie, N. M., and Arnett, R. H., Jr., 1996, The Beetles of Northeastern North America, Sandhill Crane Press, Gainsville, FL.

Evans, M. E. G., 1985, Hydradephagan comparative morphology and evolution: Some locomotor features and their possible phylogenetic implications, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. Phila. 137(1):1-201.

Farrell, B. D., 1998, "Inordinate fondness" explained: Why are there so many beetles? Science 281:555-558.

Headstrom, R., 1977, The Beetles of America, Barnes, Cranbury, NJ.

Hodge, P. J., and Jones, R. A., 1995, New British Beetles—Species not in Joy's Practical Handbook, Br. Entomol. Nat. Hist. Soc., Reading, U.K.

Joy, N. H., 1932, A Practical Handbook of British Beetles, 2 vols., Classey, Faringdon, U.K.

Kukalova-Peck, J., and Lawrence, J. F., 2004, Relationships among coleopteran suborders and major endo-neopteran lineages: Evidence from hind wing characters, Eur. J. Entomol. 101:95-144.

Lawrence, J. F., 1991, Order Coleoptera, in: Immature Insects, Vol. 2 (F. W. Stehr, ed.), Kendall/Hunt, Dubuque, IA.

Lawrence, J. F., and Britton, E. B., 1991, Coleoptera, in: The Insects of Australia, 2nd ed., Vol. 1 (CSIRO, ed.), Melbourne University Press, Carlton, Victoria.

Lawrence, J. F., and Newton, A. F., Jr., 1982, Evolution and classification of beetles, Annu. Rev. Ecol. Syst. 13:261-290.

Linnsen, E. F., 1959, Beetles of the British Isles, 2 vols., Warne, London.

Shull, V. L., Vogler, A. P., Baker, M. D., Maddison, D. R., and Hammond, P. M., 2001, Sequence alignment of 18S ribosomal RNA and the basal relationships of adephagan beetles: Evidence for monophyly of aquatic families and the placement of Trachypachidae, Syst. Biol. 50:945-969.

Sivinski, J., 1981, The nature and possible functions of luminescence in Coleoptera larvae, Coleopt. Bull. 35:167-179.

Beekeeping for Beginners

Beekeeping for Beginners

The information in this book is useful to anyone wanting to start beekeeping as a hobby or a business. It was written for beginners. Those who have never looked into beekeeping, may not understand the meaning of the terminology used by people in the industry. We have tried to overcome the problem by giving explanations. We want you to be able to use this book as a guide in to beekeeping.

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