Phasmid biology is reviewed by Clark (1974), Bedford (1978), Kevan (1982), and Key (1991). The taxonomy and distribution of the order are discussed by Gunther (1953) and Kevan (1982), and phylogeny by Sharov (1968), Hennig (1981), and Mazzini and Scali (1987). Helfer (1987) provides a key to the North American forms, while Bradley and Galil (1977) have keys to subfamilies and tribes.

Bedford, G. E., 1978, Biology and ecology of the Phasmatodea, Annu. Rev. Entomol. 23:125-149.

Bradley, J. C., and Galil, B. S., 1977, The taxonomic arrangement of the Phasmatodea with keys to the subfamilies and tribes, Proc. Entomol. Soc. Wash. 79:176-208.

Clark, J. T., 1974, Stick and Leaf Insects, Sherlock, Winchester, Hants.

G√ľnther, K., 1953, Uber die taxonomische G1eiderung und die geographische Verbreitung der Insektenordnung der Phasmatodea, Beitr. Entomol. 3:541-563.

Helfer, J. R., 1987, How to Know the Grasshoppers, Crickets, Cockroaches and Their Allies, Dover, New York.

Hennig, W., 1981, Insect Phylogeny, Wiley, New York.

Kamp, J. W., 1973, Numerical classification of the orthopteroids, with special reference to the Gryl1ob1attodea, Can. Entomol. 105:1235-1249.

Kevan, D. K. McE. 1982, Phasmatoptera, in: Synopsis and Classification of Living Organisms, Vol. 2 (S. P. Parker, ed.), McGraw-Hill, New York.

Key, K. H. L., 1991, Phasmatodea, in: The Insects of Australia, 2nd ed., Vol. 1 (CSIRO, ed.), Melbourne University Press, Carlton, Victoria.

Mazzini, M., and Scali, V. (eds.), 1987, Stick Insects. Phylogeny and Reproduction, Universities of Siena and Bologna, Italy.

Rasnitsyn, A. P., and Quicke, D. L. J. (eds.), 2002, History of Insects, Kluwer, Dordrecht.

Sharov, A. G., 1968, The phylogeny of the Orthopteroidea, Tr. Paleontol. Inst. Akad. Nauk SSSR 118:1-213 (Engl. trans1., 1971).

Beekeeping for Beginners

Beekeeping for Beginners

The information in this book is useful to anyone wanting to start beekeeping as a hobby or a business. It was written for beginners. Those who have never looked into beekeeping, may not understand the meaning of the terminology used by people in the industry. We have tried to overcome the problem by giving explanations. We want you to be able to use this book as a guide in to beekeeping.

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