Literature

Johannsen and Butt (1941), Anderson (1972a,b, 1973), Jura (1972), Counce (1973), Sander et al. (1985), and Heming (2003) give general descriptions of insect embryogenesis. Works dealing with specific aspects of embryonic development include those by Hagan (1951) and Retnakaran and Percy (1985) [viviparous insects], Ivanova-Kasas (1972) and Retnakaran and Percy (1985) [polyembryony), White (1973) [parthenogenesis and sex determination], Matsuda (1976) [embryogenesis of abdomen, gonads, and germ cells], and Hoffmann and Lagueux (1985) [endocrine aspects]. Lawrence (1976, 1992) and Sander (1984, 1997) review experimental embryogenesis, especially in relation to pattern formation.

Anderson, D. T., 1972a, The development of hemimetabolous insects, in: Developmental Systems: Insects, Vol. 1

(S. J. Counce and C. H. Waddington, eds.), Academic Press, New York. Anderson, D. T., 1972b, The development of holometabolous insects, in: Developmental Systems: Insects, Vol. 1

(S. J. Counce and C. H. Waddington, eds.), Academic Press, New York. Anderson, D. T., 1973, Embryology and Phylogeny in Annelids and Arthropods, Pergamon Press, Elmsford, NY. Counce, S. J., 1973, The causal analysis of insect embryogenesis, in: Developmental Systems: Insects, Vol. 2

(S. J. Counce and C. H. Waddington, eds.), Academic Press, New York. Goodman, C. S., 1984, Landmarks and labels that help developing neurons find theirway, BioScience 34:300-307. Goodman, C. S., and Bastiani, M. J., 1984, How embryonic nerve cells recognize one another, Sci. Am. 251(June):58-66.

Hagan, H. R., 1951, Embryology of the Viviparous Insects, Ronald Press, New York. Heming, B. S., 2003, Insect Development and Evolution, Cornell University Press, Ithaca, NY. Hoffmann, J. A., and Lagueux, M., 1985, Endocrine aspects of embryonic development in insects, in Comprehensive Insect Physiology, Biochemistry and Pharmacology, Vol. 1 (G. A. Kerkut and L. I. Gilbert, eds.), Pergamon Press, Elmsford, NY. Ivanova-Kasas, O. M., 1972, Polyembryony in insects, in: Developmental Systems: Insects, Vol. 1 (S. J. Counce and C. H. Waddington, eds.), Academic Press, New York. Johannsen, O. A., and Butt, F. H., 1941, Embryology of Insects and Myriapods, McGraw-Hill, New York. Jura, C., 1972, Development of apterygote insects, in: Developmental Systems: Insects, Vol. 1 (S. J. Counce and

C. H. Waddington, eds.), Academic Press, New York. Lawrence, P. A. (ed.), 1976, Insect development, Symp. R. Entomol. Soc. 8:240 pp. Lawrence, P. A., 1992, The Making of a Fly: The Genetics of Animal Design, Blackwell, Oxford. Matsuda, R., 1976, Morphology and Evolution of the Insect Abdomen, Pergamon Press, Elmsford, NY. Retnakaran, A., and Percy, J., 1985, Fertilization and special modes of reproduction, in: Comprehensive Insect Physiology, Biochemistry and Pharmacology, Vol. 1 (G. A. Kerkut and L. I. Gilbert, eds.), Pergamon Press, Elmsford, NY.

622 Sander, K., 1984, Embryonic pattern formation in insects: Basic concepts and their experimental foundations, in:

Pattern Formation: A Primer in Developmental Biology (G. M. Malacinski, ed.), Macmillan, New York. CHAPTER 20 Sander, K., 1997, Pattern formation in insect embryogenesis: The evolution of concepts and mechanisms, Int. J.

InsectMorphol. Embryol. 25:349-367. Sander, K., Gutzeit, H. O., and Jackle, H., 1985, Insect embryogenesis: Morphology, physiology, genetical and molecular aspects, in: Comprehensive Insect Physiology, Biochemistry and Pharmacology, Vol. 1 (G. A. Kerkut and L. I. Gilbert,eds.), Pergamon Press, Elmsford, NY. Suomalainen, E., 1962, Significance of parthenogenesis in the evolution of insects, Annu. Rev. Entomol. 7:349-366. Thomas, J. B., Bastiani, M. J., Bate, M., and Goodman, C. S., 1984, From grasshopper to Drosophila: A common plan for neuronal development, Nature 310:203-207. Truman, J. W., and Ball, E. E., 1998, Patterns of embryonic neurogenesis in a primitive wingless insect, the silverfish, Ctenolepisma longicaudata: Comparison with those seen in flying insects, Develop. Genes Evol. 208:357-368.

White, M. J. D., 1973, Animal Cytology and Evolution, 3rd ed., Cambridge University Press, London.

Beekeeping for Beginners

Beekeeping for Beginners

The information in this book is useful to anyone wanting to start beekeeping as a hobby or a business. It was written for beginners. Those who have never looked into beekeeping, may not understand the meaning of the terminology used by people in the industry. We have tried to overcome the problem by giving explanations. We want you to be able to use this book as a guide in to beekeeping.

Get My Free Ebook


Post a comment