Hitchcock (1974), Hynes (1976), and Harper and Stewart (1984) provide much information on the general biology of stoneflies. The phylogeny of the order is discussed by Illies (1965) and Zwick (1980, 1981, 2000). Keys for identification are provided by Hynes (1967) [British species], Harper and Stewart (1984) and Stewart and Stark (1988) [North American genera], and Theischinger (1991) [Australian families].

Harper, P. P., and Stewart, K. W., 1984, Plecoptera, in: An Introduction to the Aquatic Insects of North America,

2nd ed. (R. W. Merritt and K. W. Cummins, eds.), Kendall/Hunt, Dubuque, IA. Hennig, W., 1981, Insect Phylogeny, Wiley, New York.

Hitchcock, S. W., 1974, Guide to the insects of Connecticut. Part VII. The Plecoptera or stoneflies of Connecticut,

Conn. State Geol. Nat. Hist. Surv. Bull. 107:262 pp. Hynes, H. B. N., 1967, A key to the adults and nymphs of British stoneflies (Plecoptera) (2nd ed.), F.W. Biol.

Assoc. Sci. Publ. 17:86 pp. Hynes, H. B. N., 1976, Biology of Plecoptera, Annu. Rev. Entomol. 21:135-154. Illies, J., 1965, Phylogeny and zoogeography of the Plecoptera, Annu. Rev. Entomol. 10:117-140. Stewart, K. W., and Maketon, M., 1990, Intraspecific variation and information content of drumming in three Plecoptera species, in: Mayflies and Stoneflies: Life Histories and Biology (I. C. Campbell, ed.), Kluwer, Dordrecht.

Stewart, K. W., and Stark, B. P., 1988, Nymphs of North American Stonefly Genera (Plecoptera), Thomas Say Foundation, Lanham, MD.

Theischinger, G., 1991, Plecoptera, in: The Insects of Australia, 2nd ed., Vol. I(CSIRO, ed.), Melbourne University Press, Carlton, Victoria.

Zwick, P., 1980, Plecoptera (Sternfliegen), in: Handbuch der Zoologie, Vol. IV, Insecta Lfg. 26:1-115, de Gruyter, Berlin.

Zwick, P., 1981, Plecoptera, revisionary notes, in: Insect Phylogeny (W. Hennig), Wiley, New York. Zwick, P., 2000, Phylogenetic system and zoogeography of the Plecoptera, Annu. Rev. Entomol. 45:709-746.

Beekeeping for Beginners

Beekeeping for Beginners

The information in this book is useful to anyone wanting to start beekeeping as a hobby or a business. It was written for beginners. Those who have never looked into beekeeping, may not understand the meaning of the terminology used by people in the industry. We have tried to overcome the problem by giving explanations. We want you to be able to use this book as a guide in to beekeeping.

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