Mating Behavior

Mating behavior, which can be considered as the events that encompass and relate to the act of mating, may be subdivided into four components, some or all of which may be observed in a given species. The components are (1) location and recognition of a mate, (2) courtship, (3) copulation, and (4) postcopulatory behavior. The primary function of mating behavior is to ensure the transfer of sperm from male to female, though as is discussed below, there are additional functions of this behavior that optimize the reproductive economy of the species (Cade, 1985; Gillott et al., 1991).

4.1. Mate Location and Recognition

A prerequisite to internal fertilization for almost all terrestrial animals, insects included, is the coming together of male and female so that sperm can be transferred directly into a female's reproductive tract. Interestingly, however, in some apterygotes indirect sperm

Beekeeping for Beginners

Beekeeping for Beginners

The information in this book is useful to anyone wanting to start beekeeping as a hobby or a business. It was written for beginners. Those who have never looked into beekeeping, may not understand the meaning of the terminology used by people in the industry. We have tried to overcome the problem by giving explanations. We want you to be able to use this book as a guide in to beekeeping.

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