Odonata

Synonym: Paraneuroptera Common names: dragonflies and damselflies

Adults medium-sized to large elongate insects, frequently strikingly marked; head with antennae short and setaceous, compound eyes prominent, biting mouthparts; thorax with two pairs of membranous wings of approximately equal size and with netlike venation, pterostigma usually present; abdomen of male with copulatory organs on second and third sterna.

Larvae aquatic; body campodeiform; head equipped with extensible "mask" (modified labium) for catching prey, antennae small, compound eyes large; abdomen terminated with three processes, either short and stocky or extended into large lamellate structures.

Almost 5000 species of Odonata have been identified from different areas of the world. About 10% of these are from North America. Some 45 species are found in the British fauna, and 300 species have been described from Australia.

Beekeeping for Beginners

Beekeeping for Beginners

The information in this book is useful to anyone wanting to start beekeeping as a hobby or a business. It was written for beginners. Those who have never looked into beekeeping, may not understand the meaning of the terminology used by people in the industry. We have tried to overcome the problem by giving explanations. We want you to be able to use this book as a guide in to beekeeping.

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