Orthoptera

Synonyms: Saltatoria, Saltatoptera, Orthopteroida Common names: grasshoppers, locusts, katydids, crickets

Medium-sized to large, winged, brachypterous or apterous insects; head with mandibulate mouth-parts; well-developed compound eyes, either long or relatively short antennae; prothorax large, hindlegs in almost all species enlarged for jumping, coxae small and widely spaced, tarsi usually three- or four-segmented, when present fore wings usually forming thickened tegmina; females usually with well developed exposed ovipositor, males with concealed copulatory structures, cerci short to moderately long and unsegmented; auditory and stridulatory organs very often present.

The Orthoptera is a large order of insects with more than 20,000 species having a worldwide, though mainly tropical, distribution. More than 1800 species are found in North America, about 2800 in Australia, and 33 in Britain.

Beekeeping for Beginners

Beekeeping for Beginners

The information in this book is useful to anyone wanting to start beekeeping as a hobby or a business. It was written for beginners. Those who have never looked into beekeeping, may not understand the meaning of the terminology used by people in the industry. We have tried to overcome the problem by giving explanations. We want you to be able to use this book as a guide in to beekeeping.

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