Though not actually a form of embryonic development, paedogenesis, that is, precocious sexual maturation ofjuvenile stages, is conveniently mentioned here. Paedogenesis is usually associated with both parthenogenesis and viviparity, and, probably, is best shown in certain Cecidomyiidae, though it is known to occur also in some Chironomidae (Diptera), Coleoptera, and Hemiptera. In some cecidomyiids, the oocytes develop viviparously in the hemocoel of the last larval or pupal instar. In some chironomids, embryonic development begins in female pupae. In the viviparous hemipteran Hesperoctenes female larvae that have been inseminated hemocoelically develop embryos within their ovarioles. In an extreme situation seen in some aphids, development of young may begin in the mother while she herself is still in here own mother's reproductive system!

Beekeeping for Beginners

Beekeeping for Beginners

The information in this book is useful to anyone wanting to start beekeeping as a hobby or a business. It was written for beginners. Those who have never looked into beekeeping, may not understand the meaning of the terminology used by people in the industry. We have tried to overcome the problem by giving explanations. We want you to be able to use this book as a guide in to beekeeping.

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