Phylogeny and Classification

The Raphidioptera probably separated from their sister group Megaloptera + Neu-roptera (Aspock et al., 2001) in the Upper Carboniferous, though fossils are not known before the Early Jurassic (supposed pre-Jurassic specimens have now been reassigned). Though Recent species occur only in the Northern Hemisphere, fossil snakeflies have been found in Early Cretaceous deposits in Brazil. Eocene Baltic amber includes species assignable to the two extant families. Recent members of the order are included in a single superfamily Raphidioidea, containing two families, RAPHIDIIDAE (155 species) (Figure 10.2) and INOCELLIIDAE (20 species). The families have similar world distributions, but within each family species generally have limited distributions. North American species are restricted to three genera, Agulla and Alena (Raphidiidae) and Negha (Inocelli-idae) (Aspock, 1986).

Beekeeping for Beginners

Beekeeping for Beginners

The information in this book is useful to anyone wanting to start beekeeping as a hobby or a business. It was written for beginners. Those who have never looked into beekeeping, may not understand the meaning of the terminology used by people in the industry. We have tried to overcome the problem by giving explanations. We want you to be able to use this book as a guide in to beekeeping.

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