In most species the onset of a molting cycle is marked by an increase in the volume of the epidermal cells and/or by epidermal mitoses. These events are soon followed by

FIGURE 11.5. Summary of cuticle formation during the molt/intermolt cycle. Individual components are not drawn to scale. The numbers in Figure 11.5B indicate the sequence of actions resulting in plaque digestion. (A) Secretion of ecdysial droplets. (B) Pinocytosis and apolysis of plasma membrane. (C) Redifferentiation of plaques and cuticulin envelope deposition. (D) Cuticulin envelope complete and digestion of old cuticle. (E) Secretion of inner epicuticle and bucking of cuticulin envelope. (F) Beginning of procuticle secretion. (G) Cuticle immediately after ecdysis. (H) Cuticle after tanning.

Beekeeping for Beginners

Beekeeping for Beginners

The information in this book is useful to anyone wanting to start beekeeping as a hobby or a business. It was written for beginners. Those who have never looked into beekeeping, may not understand the meaning of the terminology used by people in the industry. We have tried to overcome the problem by giving explanations. We want you to be able to use this book as a guide in to beekeeping.

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