the best-known species in this regard is the desert locust S. gregaria, which begins to show elements of sexual behavior between 6 and 12 days after eclosion. Paralleling the onset of this behavior is a change in body color, from the grayish-brown-pink of newly emerged insects to the uniform yellow of mature males, and the beginning of secretion from epidermal glands of a maturation-accelerating pheromone. The work of Loher, Odhiambo, and Pener (references in Pener, 1974, 1983) established that the changes are controlled by JH in this species. For example, allatectomy shortly after eclosion leads to retention of immature coloration and a lack of desire to copulate, effects that may be reversed by implantation of corpora allata from mature individuals. Similar procedures have demonstrated JH-controlled sexual behavior in the males of some other species. However, in male migratory locusts, L. migratoria ssp. migratorioides, the corpora allata control only the development of the mature body color; mating behavior is controlled primarily by specific median neurosecretory cells in the brain. The control exerted by the cells is direct, that is, not mediated through the corpora allata.

Beekeeping for Beginners

Beekeeping for Beginners

The information in this book is useful to anyone wanting to start beekeeping as a hobby or a business. It was written for beginners. Those who have never looked into beekeeping, may not understand the meaning of the terminology used by people in the industry. We have tried to overcome the problem by giving explanations. We want you to be able to use this book as a guide in to beekeeping.

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