Sexual Maturation

Most male insects eclose (emerge as adults) with mature sperm in their seminal vesicles. Indeed, in a few insects, for example, some Lepidoptera, Plecoptera, and Ephemeroptera, both egg and sperm production occur in the final larval or pupal instar to enable mating and egg laying to take place within a few hours of eclosion. Generally, however, after eclosion, a period of sexual maturity is required in each sex during which important structural, physiological, and behavioral changes occur. This period may extend from only a few days up to several months in species that have a reproductive diapause (Section 3.1.3).

3.1. Female

Among the processes that occur as a female insect becomes sexually mature are vitello-genesis, development of characteristic body coloration, maturation of pheromone-producing glands, growth of the reproductive tract, including accessory glands, and an increase in receptivity. These processes are controlled by the endocrine system whose activity, in turn, 569

is influenced by various environmental stimuli.

Beekeeping for Beginners

Beekeeping for Beginners

The information in this book is useful to anyone wanting to start beekeeping as a hobby or a business. It was written for beginners. Those who have never looked into beekeeping, may not understand the meaning of the terminology used by people in the industry. We have tried to overcome the problem by giving explanations. We want you to be able to use this book as a guide in to beekeeping.

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