Strepsiptera

Synonym: Stylopida Common name: stylopoids

Males free living; mouthparts degenerate, antennae conspicuous and flabellate; fore wings reduced, metathorax and hind wings well developed, fore- and midlegs lacking a trochanter. Females larviform and viviparous, usually parasitoid and enclosed in puparium; with three to five secondarily segmental genital openings.

Larvae heteromorphic; pupae adecticous and exarate in males, suppressed in females except Mengenillidae.

The Strepsiptera are an order containing about 560 described species of most highly specialized insects, the males of which are free-living, the females usually parasitoid, and larvae always so in other insects. The order has been recorded from all of the major zoogeo-graphical areas and includes more than 100 species in North America, about 30 in Australia, and 15 in Britain.

Beekeeping for Beginners

Beekeeping for Beginners

The information in this book is useful to anyone wanting to start beekeeping as a hobby or a business. It was written for beginners. Those who have never looked into beekeeping, may not understand the meaning of the terminology used by people in the industry. We have tried to overcome the problem by giving explanations. We want you to be able to use this book as a guide in to beekeeping.

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