Psocoptera are stocky, soft-bodied insects whose length is usually less than 10 mm. The large, mobile head bears a swollen postclypeus, long filiform antennae, and, usually, prominent compound eyes, though the latter are reduced in some wingless species. Three ocelli are usually present in winged forms but absent in apterous species. The Y-shaped epicranial suture is prominent. The mouthparts, though retaining a chewing function, are specialized. The mandibles are dissimilar, though each has both grinding and cutting edges. In the maxillae the cardo and stipes are not always distinct. The galea is a large, fleshy lobe,

Beekeeping for Beginners

Beekeeping for Beginners

The information in this book is useful to anyone wanting to start beekeeping as a hobby or a business. It was written for beginners. Those who have never looked into beekeeping, may not understand the meaning of the terminology used by people in the industry. We have tried to overcome the problem by giving explanations. We want you to be able to use this book as a guide in to beekeeping.

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