Adult. Caddisflies are between 1.5 and 40 mm in length. They are mothlike and usually drab in color. The setaceous antennae are always long, sometimes several times the length of the wings. The compound eyes are usually small, but in some males they are very large and almost meet at the vertex. Ocelli (three) are present in some species, absent in others. The mouthparts are reduced; the mandibles are vestigial, the maxillae are small and closely associated with the labium. The hypopharynx is well developed and in

Beekeeping for Beginners

Beekeeping for Beginners

The information in this book is useful to anyone wanting to start beekeeping as a hobby or a business. It was written for beginners. Those who have never looked into beekeeping, may not understand the meaning of the terminology used by people in the industry. We have tried to overcome the problem by giving explanations. We want you to be able to use this book as a guide in to beekeeping.

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