Structure

Collembola vary in length from about 0.2 to 10 mm. They are generally dark, but many species are whitish, green, or yellowish, and some are striped or mottled. The body is either elongate (Arthropleona) (Figure 5.1B) or more or less globular (Symphypleona and Neelipleona) (Figure 5.1A). The head is primitively prognathous, but is hypognathous

FIGURE 5.1. Collembola. (A) Sminthurus purpurescens (Sminthuridae); and (B) Entomobrya nivalis (Ento-mobryidae). [Reprinted from Elliott A. Maynard, 1951, A Monograph of the Collembola or Springtail Insects of New York State, Comstock Publishing Co., Inc.]
Beekeeping for Beginners

Beekeeping for Beginners

The information in this book is useful to anyone wanting to start beekeeping as a hobby or a business. It was written for beginners. Those who have never looked into beekeeping, may not understand the meaning of the terminology used by people in the industry. We have tried to overcome the problem by giving explanations. We want you to be able to use this book as a guide in to beekeeping.

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