The Hemipteroid Orders

vertebrates, including humans. Most species inject saliva that paralyzes the tissue as well as assists in its digestion, thereby causing severe and painful bites. Species of Triatoma and Rhodnius prolixus carry Trypanosoma cruzi, which causes a fatal form of sleeping sickness (Chagas' disease) in humans. In many species the forelegs are raptorial. The family is cosmopolitan, but especially rich in the tropics and subtropics. Some species mimic phytophagous Hemiptera or are well camouflaged.

Infraorder Pentatomorpha

Superfamily Aradoidea

More than 1000 species of Aradoidea are known, all but about 10 of which are placed in the family ARADIDAE (Figure 8.21). Aradids are widely distributed and occur typically beneath bark, in leaf litter, or in rotting wood where they suck fluid from fungal mycelia or fruiting bodies. Their mouthparts are extremely long and at rest are coiled within the head.

Superfamily Idiostoloidea

Only a handful of species occur in this group, all being included in the family ID-IOSTOLIDAE, found only in Nothofagus forests of southern South America and Australia. Their habits and food are unknown.

FIGURE 8.21. Aradoidea. Aradus acutus (Aradidae). [From R. C. Froeschner, 1942, Contributions to a synopsis of the Hemiptera of Missouri, Am. Midi. Nat. 27(3):591-609. By permission of the American Midland Naturalist.]

Beekeeping for Beginners

Beekeeping for Beginners

The information in this book is useful to anyone wanting to start beekeeping as a hobby or a business. It was written for beginners. Those who have never looked into beekeeping, may not understand the meaning of the terminology used by people in the industry. We have tried to overcome the problem by giving explanations. We want you to be able to use this book as a guide in to beekeeping.

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