The Hemipteroid Orders

4.3.1). The eggs of homopterans are generally simple, ovoid structures; those of Heteroptera 213

are very diverse in form and coloring. They are glued to plant surfaces, inserted in crevices or between adjacent parts of a plant, laid in litter or soil, or in the case of predaceous species, in the vicinity of a host if possible. In a few Heteroptera the eggs are stuck on the dorsal surface of males. Parental care is shown by a few species. Usually, there are between three and seven instars (almost always six in Heteroptera). The juvenile stages tend to feed on the same part of the plant as the adult, though in some species juveniles are found on the roots, while adults occur on the upper parts. Although most Hemiptera are typically exopterygote in their postembryonic development, there occurs in some Aleurodidae and winged male Coccoidea one or two resting instars, the pupal and prepupal stages. These instars generally do not feed but undergo some degree of metamorphosis. A similar phenomenon occurs in Thysanoptera.

Beekeeping for Beginners

Beekeeping for Beginners

The information in this book is useful to anyone wanting to start beekeeping as a hobby or a business. It was written for beginners. Those who have never looked into beekeeping, may not understand the meaning of the terminology used by people in the industry. We have tried to overcome the problem by giving explanations. We want you to be able to use this book as a guide in to beekeeping.

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