The Neck

Study of its embryonic development shows that the neck contains both labial and prothoracic components and therefore the primary intersegmental line must be within the neck membrane. The muscles that control head movement arise on the postoccipital ridge and are attached to the antecosta of the prothoracic segment. Thus, they must include the fibers of two segments. This modification of the basic segmental structure was apparently necessary to provide sufficient freedom of head movement.

Usually supporting the head and articulating it with the prothorax are the cervical sclerites, a pair of which occur on each side of the neck (Figure 3.3B). Either one or both sclerites may be absent. When only one occurs, it is often fused with the prothorax. Occasionally, additional dorsal and ventral sclerites are found.

Beekeeping for Beginners

Beekeeping for Beginners

The information in this book is useful to anyone wanting to start beekeeping as a hobby or a business. It was written for beginners. Those who have never looked into beekeeping, may not understand the meaning of the terminology used by people in the industry. We have tried to overcome the problem by giving explanations. We want you to be able to use this book as a guide in to beekeeping.

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