The Remaining Endopterygote Orders

FIGURE 10.6. Proposed phylogeny of the Coleoptera. [After R. A. Crowson, 1981, The Biology of the Coleoptera. By permission of Academic Press, Inc., New York, and the author.]

Micromalthus debilis, which lives in rotting wood. It is native to North America but has been spread by commerce to South America, South Africa, Cuba, Hawaii, and Hong Kong.

Suborder Adephaga

The suborder Adephaga includes beetles with the following features: hind wings with an oblongum; notopleural sulcus on prothorax; hind coxae immovably attached to metaster-num; testes tubular and coiled; and ovarioles polytrophic. Larvae have five-segmented legs with one or two claws. Their mandibles lack a molar area. Segmented urogomphi are present in most species.

This undoubtedly monophyletic suborder includes a single superfamily Caraboidea, most of whose members are predaceous beetles, with only a few species secondarily

Beekeeping for Beginners

Beekeeping for Beginners

The information in this book is useful to anyone wanting to start beekeeping as a hobby or a business. It was written for beginners. Those who have never looked into beekeeping, may not understand the meaning of the terminology used by people in the industry. We have tried to overcome the problem by giving explanations. We want you to be able to use this book as a guide in to beekeeping.

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