The Remaining Endopterygote Orders

FIGURE 10.16. Bostrichoidea. (A) The drugstore beetle, Stegobium paniceum (Anobiidae) adult and larva; (B) the humpbacked spider beetle, Gibbium psylloides (Ptinidae); and (C) the apple twig borer, Amphicerus hamatus (Bostrichidae). [A, B, from L.A. Swan and C. S. Papp, 1972, The Common Insects of North America. Copyright 1972 by L. A. Swan and C. S. Papp. Reprinted by permission of Harper & Row Publishers, Inc. C, from E. S. Dillon and L. S. Dillon, 1972, A Manual of Common Beetles of Eastern N. America. By permission of Dover Publications, New York.]

or vegetable matter: The BOSTRICHIDAE (about 450 species) (Figure 10.16C) mainly bore in felled timber or dried wood. Adults resemble scolytids but may be distinguished by their strongly deflexed head and rasplike pronotum. Species of Lyctus are commonly known as powder-post beetles, as they usually reduce the dry wood in which they burrow to a powder. Rhizopertha dominica (the lesser grain borer) is a major pest of stored grain.

Series Cucujiformia

Within the immense but monophyletic group Cucujiformia are five superfamilies. Three of these, Cleroidea, Lymexyloidea, and Cucujoidea, are considered to be "primitive" or "lower" groups when compared with the other two, the Chrysomeloidea and Curculionoidea.

Superfamily Cleroidea

This superfamily contains about 10,000 species, more than 4000 of which belong to the mainly tropical family CLERIDAE (Figure 10.17B). Checkered beetles, as clerids are commonly known because of their striking color patterns, are hairy beetles mainly found on or in tree trunks where they prey on other insects, especially scolytid beetle larvae. A few species are found in stored products with a high fat content, for example, ham, cheese, and copra. MELYRIDAE (Figure 10.17A) (5000 species) are found worldwide but are especially diverse in the Mediterranean region. Adults occur on flowers and are frequently brightly colored. They feed on pollen and insects. Their predaceous larvae are found mostly in soil or litter and under bark. The family TROGOSSITIDAE, containing nearly 600 species, is a mainly tropical group whose members mainly prey on insects. Included in this family is the cadelle, Tenebroides mauritanicus, a cosmopolitan species

Beekeeping for Beginners

Beekeeping for Beginners

The information in this book is useful to anyone wanting to start beekeeping as a hobby or a business. It was written for beginners. Those who have never looked into beekeeping, may not understand the meaning of the terminology used by people in the industry. We have tried to overcome the problem by giving explanations. We want you to be able to use this book as a guide in to beekeeping.

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