The Remaining Endopterygote Orders

FIGURE 10.18. Cucujoidea. (A) A sap beetle, Prometopia sexmaculata (Nitidulidae); (B) larva, pupa, and adult of the convergent ladybug, Hippodamia convergens (Coccinellidae); (C) the confused flour beetle, Tribolium confusum (Tenebrionidae); (D) adult of the yellow mealworm, Tenebrio molitor (Tenebrionidae); and (E) the striped blister beetle, Epicauta vittata (Meloidae). [A, D, E, from E. S. Dillon and L. S. Dillon, 1972, A Manual of Common Beetles of Eastern N. America. By permission of Dover Publications, New York. B, C, from L. A. Swan and C. S. Papp, The Common Insects of North America. Copyright 1972 by L. A. Swan and C. S. Papp. Reprinted by permission of Harper & Row Publishers, Inc.]

nests of birds, mammals, bees, and wasps. The EROTYLIDAE (2500 species) constitute a mainly South American group of beetles whose larvae feed on the fruiting bodies of fungi. The frequently brightly colored adults are usually found beneath the bark of rotting logs. The family COCCINELLIDAE (ladybugs, ladybird beetles) (Figure 10.18B), comprising about 4500 species, is a very important group of mainly brightly colored, spotted, or striped beetles. The majority of species are carnivorous as both adults and larvae on homopterans, other soft-bodied insects, and mites. Some species have been used successfully in biological control programs, the best example being the introduction of the Australian Rodolia cardinalis to control the cottony-cushion scale, Icerya purchasi, in the citrus fruit orchards of California (see Chapter 24, Section 2.3). Other coccinellids (e.g., Epilachna spp.) are phytophagous, however, and may cause much damage to solanaceous or bean crops. The ENDOMYCHIDAE (1100 species) are brightly colored, mainly tropical beetles found under

Beekeeping for Beginners

Beekeeping for Beginners

The information in this book is useful to anyone wanting to start beekeeping as a hobby or a business. It was written for beginners. Those who have never looked into beekeeping, may not understand the meaning of the terminology used by people in the industry. We have tried to overcome the problem by giving explanations. We want you to be able to use this book as a guide in to beekeeping.

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