Thepanorpoid Orders

FIGURE 9.18. Oestroidea. (A) The screwworm fly, Cochliomyia hominivorax (Calliphoridae); (B) Sarcophaga kellyi (Sarcophagidae), a parasite of grasshoppers; (C) the bean beetle tachinid, Aplomyiopsis epilachnae (Tachinidae); (D) A. epilachnae larva inside bean beetle grub; (E) the sheep bot fly, Oestrus ovis (Oestridae); (F) the cattle warble fly, Hypoderma bovis (Oestridae); and (G) the horse bot fly, Gasterophilus intestinalis (Oestridae). [A, G, from M. T. James, 1948, The flies that cause myiasis in Man, U.S. Dep. Agric., Misc. Publ. #631. By permission of the U.S. Department of Agriculture. B, from L. A. Swan and C. S. Papp, 1972, The Common Insects of North America. Copyright 1972 by L. A. Swan and C. S. Papp. Reprinted by permission of Harper & Row Publishers, Inc. C, D, by permission of the U.S. Department of Agriculture. E, F, from A. Castellani and A. J. Chambers, 1910, Manual of Tropical Medicine. By permission of Bailliere and Tindall.]

FIGURE 9.18. Oestroidea. (A) The screwworm fly, Cochliomyia hominivorax (Calliphoridae); (B) Sarcophaga kellyi (Sarcophagidae), a parasite of grasshoppers; (C) the bean beetle tachinid, Aplomyiopsis epilachnae (Tachinidae); (D) A. epilachnae larva inside bean beetle grub; (E) the sheep bot fly, Oestrus ovis (Oestridae); (F) the cattle warble fly, Hypoderma bovis (Oestridae); and (G) the horse bot fly, Gasterophilus intestinalis (Oestridae). [A, G, from M. T. James, 1948, The flies that cause myiasis in Man, U.S. Dep. Agric., Misc. Publ. #631. By permission of the U.S. Department of Agriculture. B, from L. A. Swan and C. S. Papp, 1972, The Common Insects of North America. Copyright 1972 by L. A. Swan and C. S. Papp. Reprinted by permission of Harper & Row Publishers, Inc. C, D, by permission of the U.S. Department of Agriculture. E, F, from A. Castellani and A. J. Chambers, 1910, Manual of Tropical Medicine. By permission of Bailliere and Tindall.]

being nourished by secretions of the accessory ("milk") glands. Pupation immediately follows birth and occurs off the host. Glossinidae (tsetse flies) is a very small but well-known family of about 20 species of Glossina from tropical Africa (excluding Madagascar). They are vectors of various species of Trypanosoma that cause sleeping sickness and nagana in humans and cattle, respectively. The Hippoboscidae (louse flies and keds) (Figure 9.19A) resemble tsetse flies in several ways and the two probably are sister groups. However, in

Beekeeping for Beginners

Beekeeping for Beginners

The information in this book is useful to anyone wanting to start beekeeping as a hobby or a business. It was written for beginners. Those who have never looked into beekeeping, may not understand the meaning of the terminology used by people in the industry. We have tried to overcome the problem by giving explanations. We want you to be able to use this book as a guide in to beekeeping.

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